Captain George Vancouver located and named Mount Rainier in Washington in 1792. Mount Rainier is a stratovolcano that last erupted a thousand years ago. Children can learn more at: http://www.nps.gov/mora/index.htm.
Mount St. Helens erupted in 1980. The volcano, located in Washington, discharged debris and steam eleven miles into the air. The volcano had erupted previously in 1857. The eruption, even though expected, killed 57 people and caused billions of dollars in damages. Children can learn more at: http://www.fs.usda.gov/mountsthelens.
American Red Cross was created by Clara Barton and associates in Washington, DC, in 1881. Today over one million volunteers help in activities ranging from collecting donated blood to providing for disaster relief. Children can learn more at: Red Cross. Children could read Clara Barton’s A Story of the Red Cross at: Project Gutenberg.
National World War II Memorial was dedicated in Washington, DC, in 2004. Located between the Washington Monument and the Lincoln Memorial, the National World War II Memorial pays tribute to the 16 million American service men and women. Over 400,000 of those died. Work on the project began in 1993. Children can learn more at: http://www.nps.gov/nwwm/index.htm.
Lincoln Memorial was dedicated in Washington, DC, in 1922. Daniel Chester French sculpted “Seated Lincoln.” People had voiced the idea of a memorial for Abraham Lincoln soon after his assassination, but real plans did not start until 1910. Approximately six million people visit the memorial each year. Children can learn more at: http://www.nps.gov/linc/index.htm.
Olympic National Park was created in 1938. The Washington park has 57 miles of coastline and a temperate rain forest. It averages 145 inches of rain per year. Visit a website at: http://www.nps.gov/olym. Idea: Children could research Mesa Verde National Park and Olympic National Park. They could compare and contrast the two parks. Which would they rather visit?
- Korean War ended in 1953 when an armistice was signed in Panmunjon, Korea. Both sides claimed victory in a war that lasted for slightly over three years.
- Korean War Veterans Memorial was dedicated in 1995. Located in Washington, DC, near the Lincoln Memorial, nineteen stainless steel sculptures of larger-than-life-size soldiers seem to be leaving a swamp. Children can learn more at: http://www.nps.gov/kowa/index.htm
Washington, DC, was burned in 1814 during the War of 1812. Many buildings, including the Capitol and the President’s House, were burned. The president and other statesmen had left the city prior to the battle. Idea: Children could find out how the White House got its name. Children can learn more at: America’s Library.
Martin Luther King, Jr. delivered his I Have a Dream speech in 1963 in front of the Lincoln Memorial in Washington, DC. Children can read the original text at: Dream Speech.
Martin Luther King, Jr. Memorial was dedicated in 2001 in Washington, DC. Situated between the Jefferson Memorial and the Lincoln Memorial, the very impressive Stone of Hope statue by Lei Yixin stands 28 feet 6 inches tall. Children could learn more at: MLK Memorial.