Oct 182019
 
Phillis Wheatley

Phillis Wheatley

Phillis Wheatley gained her freedom in 1775. Born probably in Gambia or Senegal, she was sold into slavery when she was seven years old. Purchased by the Wheatley family, she was well-educated. She began writing poetry in 1767. She was emancipated in 1775 when her master died. Children can read some of her works at: Project Gutenberg.

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Oct 182019
 
Inner Workings of Transistor Radio

Inner Workings of Transistor Radio

Transistor radio was sold for the first time in 1954. Texas Instruments created the small and portable radio. These radios allowed people to hear music wherever and whenever. Billions of transistor radios were sold during the 1960’s and 1970’s.

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Oct 182019
 

James Watson, Francis Crick, and Maurice Wilkins shared the 1962 Nobel Prize for Medicine and Physiology for theorizing the double-helix structure of DNA.

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Oct 192019
 

Ferdinand II of Aragon married Isabella I of Castile in 1469. Their alliance united Aragon and Castile, starting the formation of Spain.

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Oct 192019
 
Cornwallis Surrenders

Cornwallis Surrenders

Yorktown Day marks the surrender of General Lord Cornwallis and his troops to George Washington in 1781. This surrender virtually ended the Revolutionary War. No other major battles occurred after this date, and the official peace agreement, the Treaty of Paris, was signed September 3, 1783. Children can learn more at: Yorktown Day.

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Oct 202019
 
Changes from Treaty of 1818

Changes from Treaty of 1818

Treaty of 1818 was signed by the United States and the United Kingdom. Among other decisions, the treaty stated that the 49th Parallel would define most of the border between Canada and the United States. Older children can peruse the treaty at: Treaty of 1818.

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Oct 202019
 

Sydney Opera House opened in Sydney, Australia, in 1973. Despite its name, it hosts many types of artistic endeavors. About 1,500 concerts occur yearly, and over 1.2 million visitors enter its doors every year.

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Oct 202019
 

BepiColombo was launched in 2018. The European Space Agency and the Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency worked together to launch the space explorer. BepiColombo will travel for seven years to reach Mercury during December 2025. It will release two probes, Bepi and Mio, to research the land formation and magnetic field of the planet.

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Oct 212019
 

Magellan

Ferdinand Magellan

Ferdinand Magellan and his ships entered the Straits of Magellan in 1520. He had begun his voyage that would take his ship around the world on September 20, 1519. He left with five ships and around 265 men. He died before the voyage was over, but the ship Vittoria and about eighteen men did complete the journey on September 6, 1522. Children could read Who Was Ferdinand Magellan? by S. A. Kramer.

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Oct 212019
 

Battle of Trafalgar occurred in 1805. The British navy defeated a combined French and Spanish navy off the coast of Spain. France’s naval strength diminished, and Britain’s navy became the strongest in the world.

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