Faroe Islands celebrate Olaifest, a national holiday. The islands, located between the Norwegian Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean, is part of the Kingdom of Denmark. Home to 49,000 people, the islands are about eight times the size of Washington, DC. Torshavn is the capital, and fishing is a major industry. Children can learn more at: Faroe Islands.
Hurricane sank ten Spanish treasure galleons off the coast of Florida in 1715. The ships, laden with silver, were returning to Spain. About 700 sailors died, but a few survived by finding lifeboats. Experts state that every once in a while silver coins from the fleet still find their way to shore.
Hawaii’s first sugar plantation was started in 1835. Kamehameha III helped Ladd & Company buy land and start the sugar cane plantation. Sugar production in Hawaii peaked around 1970. Then sugar production in Hawaii decreased as other countries increased their production. The last sugar production facility in Hawaii closed in 2016. Older children can read about the history of sugar production in Hawaii at: Hawaii Sugar.
National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) was created in 1958 when President Eisenhower signed the act. The Mercury Seven were the first group of astronauts. The number of astronauts peaked at 149 in the year 2000. Currently 48 active astronauts serve our country. Children can learn more at: NASA.
Vanuatu celebrates Independence Day. It gained its freedom from France and Great Britain in 1980. This group of twelve larger islands and sixty smaller islands changed its name from the New Hebrides to Vanuatu on this day as well. The country is located in the Pacific Ocean, and Port Vila is the capital. The area of Vanuatu is about the same as the area of Connecticut. Approximately two thirds of the 260,000 people living on the islands are farmers. Other industries include tourism and off-shore fishing.
Morocco celebrates Throne Day. King Mohammed VI became the country’s ruler in 1999. This north African country borders both the Atlantic Ocean and the Mediterranean Sea. Morocco’s area compares to the area of California. Almost 33 million people live in Morocco, and many of the people depend on tourism for jobs. Rabat is the capital. Children could learn more at: Morocco.
Paperback books were sold for the first time in 1935. Penguin Books sold three million paperbacks in Great Britain alone that year.
WAVES (Women Accepted for Volunteer Emergency Service) was created in 1942 in response to World War II. This organization was part of the navy. Within a year 27,000 women had volunteered for jobs ranging from clerical work to medical support to intelligence. In 1948, women were incorporated into the navy, and the term WAVES was retired. Older children can read an interesting article at: WAVES.
First United States patent was approved in 1790. Inventor Samuel Hopkins received patent X000001 for his potash process. The patent office had not even been created yet, so President George Washington, Secretary of State Thomas Jefferson, and Attorney General Edmund Randolph signed the document. Children can visit a great website about the patent process at: Patents.
Astronauts David R. Scott and James B. Irwin drove the Lunar Roving Vehicle (LRV) for six hours on the moon in 1971. The two men, plus Command Module Pilot Alfred M. Worden, lifted off aboard Apollo 15 on July 26, 1971. They spent close to three days on the moon and made two more trips aboard the LRV. The LRV could travel at rates between six and eight miles per hour. The crew successfully returned to earth on August 7, 1971. Children could learn more at: Apollo 15.