Oct 072020
 
Alfred Nobel

Alfred Nobel

Nobel Prizes will be announced this week.

The Nobel Prize in Medicine will be announced on Monday.

The Nobel Prize in Physics will be announced Tuesday.

The Nobel Prize in Chemistry will be announced Wednesday.

The Nobel Prize in Literature will be announced Thursday.

The Nobel Peace Prize will be announced Friday.

The Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences will be announced on Monday, October 12.

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Oct 072020
 
Steamboats in 1850

Steamboats but not the Washington

Double-decked steamboat arrived in New Orleans for the first time in 1816. The Washington traveled between New Orleans and Louisville. It traveled upstream at 16 miles per hour and downstream at 25 miles per hour. This first steamboat was so successful that many others followed. By 1850 about 740 steamboats, transporting three million people annually, traveled on the Mississippi River.

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Oct 072020
 

Dow Jones Industrial Average was created in 1896 to give a snapshot of the overall trends of the stock market. The original average contained twelve stocks. The stocks were: American Cotton Oil Company, American Sugar Company, American Tobacco Company, Chicago Gas Company, Distilling and Cattle Feeding Company, General Electric, Laclede Gas Company, National Lead Company, North American Company, Tennessee Coal, Iron and Railroad Company,  U.S. Leather Company, and United States Rubber Company. Today thirty stocks comprise the Dow Jones Industrial Average, and none of the original companies are part of the Dow. General Electric was part of the Dow until June 2018. Children can view an interesting interactive graphic at: https://www.cnbc.com/2014/07/02/history-of-dow-30.html.

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Oct 072020
 
Far Side of Moon Photograph Taken by Crew of Apollo 16

Far Side of Moon Photograph Taken by Crew of Apollo 16

Far side of the moon was first photographed in 1959. The Soviet Union’s Luna 3, launched October 3, 1959, took 29 pictures. Then, when the spacecraft came closer to earth, it transmitted seventeen of the pictures. The photographs were of lesser quality than later photographs, but they showed that the far side of the moon was very different from the side we can see. The far side is more mountainous.

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Oct 082020
 
Croatia

Flag of Croatia

Croatia celebrates Independence Day. In 1991 Croatia’s Parliament voted to sever ties to Yugoslavia. Bordering the Adriatic Sea, the country is slightly smaller than the state of West Virginia. About 4.5 million people live in Croatia, and Zagreb is the capital.

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Oct 082020
 
Map of Fire Damage

Map of Fire Damage

Great Chicago Fire of 1871 burned for thirty hours. Legend states Mrs. O’Leary’s cow kicked over a lantern and started a fire in her barn. Almost one hundred thousand people lost their homes, and over 200 people died. Children could learn more at: Chicago Fire.

Peshtigo Forest Fire also started in 1871. Experts believe this to be one of the most damaging forest fires ever. The fire began in Peshtigo, Wisconsin, and spread across six counties. More than 1,100 people died. Children could learn more at: Peshtigo Forest Fire.

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Oct 082020
 
Belvin Maynard Landing to Win Race

Belvin Maynard Landing to Win Race

First Transcontinental Air Race began in 1919. The race was also called the Transcontinental Reliability and Endurance Test. Fifteen airplanes took off from San Francisco, and 48 planes left Roosevelt Field in New York. The 5,400 mile round trip was sponsored by the American Flying Club of New York. Lieutenant Belvin Maynard won the race. He took three days six hours to fly from New York to California, and he needed three days 21 hours to fly back.

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Oct 082020
 

Microwave oven was patented by Percy Spencer in 1945. He accidentally discovered the power of microwaves when he found that a candy bar in his pocket had melted when he came near radar. He began to experiment with microwaves under controlled conditions. He received patent number 2,495,429. Children could view his patent, “Method of Treating Foodstuffs,” at: Microwave Patent.

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Oct 092020
 
Uganda

Flag of Uganda

Uganda celebrates Independence Day. This African land-locked country became free from British rule in 1962. Slightly smaller than the state of Oregon, Uganda is home to almost 35 million people. Farmers comprise about 80 percent of the population, and coffee is one of its biggest exports. The capital is Kampala.

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Oct 092020
 
Technologically Enhanced Remnant of Supernova 1604

Technologically Enhanced Remnant of Supernova 1604

Supernova 1604 first appeared in northern Italy in 1604. Johannes Kepler, while not the first scientist to see it, made observations of it while he was in Prague. Also known as Kepler’s Nova, the supernova, of the type to happen in the Milky Way, was the brightest star in the sky and was visible during the day for three weeks. Supernova 1604 was also observed and noted in China and in Korea.

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