OPEC (Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries) was established in 1960. The goal of OPEC is to establish systems to stabilize oil prices and output of its members. The twelve members are: Algeria, Angola, Ecuador, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Libya, Nigeria, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates, and Venezuela.
Saudi Arabia celebrates the 1932 Unification of the Kingdom Day. The country is about one-fifth the size of the United States, and most of the country is covered by desert. Almost 27 million people live in Saudi Arabia, and Riyadh is the capital. Mecca and Medina, Islam’s holiest of shrines, are in Saudi Arabia. Older children could learn more at: Saudi Arabia.