Antarctic Treaty was signed by twelve nations in 1959. The original twelve countries are: Argentina, Australia, Belgium, Chile, France, Japan, New Zealand, Norway, Russia (as Soviet Union), South Africa, United Kingdom, and United States. Today 50 countries recognize the treaty. The continent will be kept as a scientific preserve, and no nation can colonize it. Children can learn about the Antarctic Treaty at: Antarctic Treaty. They can view great pictures of Antarctic animals at: Antarctic Animals.
North American Treaty was signed in 1949. Twelve nations formed the original North American Treaty Organization: Belgium, Canada, Denmark, France, Great Britain, Iceland, Italy, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, and the United States. Greece and Turkey became members in 1951, and West Germany joined in 1954. Spain became the last member in 1982. The main purpose of NATO is protection; an attack against one member is an attack against all members. Idea: Children could locate these countries on a world map and decide whether all countries benefit equally from this treaty. Children can learn ore at: NATO.
Borge Ousland, a Norwegian explorer, became the first person to trek to the North Pole solo in 1994. He left Cape Atkticheskiy, Siberia, on March 2, 1994. He averaged about 19 miles a day over the 630-mile trip.
North Cape, Norway, receives twenty-four hours of sun a day from this day until July 30. Idea: Children could brainstorm a list of advantages and disadvantages of so much sunlight.
Norway celebrates Constitution Day. Norway adopted its constitution on 1814. This long and skinny country, bordering the North Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean, has an area slightly larger than that of New Mexico. Mountains and fjords alternate with valleys. About 4.7 million people live in the Scandinavian country, and most of the population lives in the warmer, southern region. The country exports petroleum and petroleum products. Oslo is the capital. Children can learn more at: Norway.