Feb 142019
 

Lawrencium, element 103, was produced for the first time in 1961.  Scientists from Lawrence Radiation Laboratory created Lawrencium by bombarding californium and boron. Lawrencium is radioactive and short-lived.

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Mar 092019
 

Sputnik 9, a Soviet spacecraft, ventured into space in 1961. Its passengers included a mannequin, a dog named Chernushka (Blackie), some mice, and a guinea pig. It made a single orbit before returning to earth. The mannequin was ejected prior to the landing to test an ejection seat.

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Apr 032019
 

amendmentTwenty-Third Amendment to the Constitution was adopted in 1961. It gave the residents of Washington, DC, the right to vote.

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May 052019
 

Alan Shepard aboard Freedom 7

Alan Shepard, aboard Freedom 7, became the first American and the second man to travel in space. The year was 1961. The astronaut traveled about 115 miles into space at 5,000 miles per hour.

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Jul 212019
 
Gus Grissom

Gus Grissom

Virgil “Gus” Grissom became the second American to travel into space in 1961. Aboard Liberty Bell 7, he reached an altitude of 118 miles and flew about 300 miles away from Cape Canaveral.

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Aug 012019
 
Haleakala Silversword in Full Bloom

Haleakala Silversword in Full Bloom

Haleakala National Park was created in 1961. Carved from the Hawaii Volcanoes National Park on Maui, this park encompasses the vast, extinct volcano crater Haleakala and the Kipahula wilderness area. Children can visit the park’s website at: http://www.nps.gov/hale.

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Aug 072019
 
Explorer VI

Explorer VI

Explorer VI was launched in 1959 and transmitted the first photographs of earth taken from space. The satellite also transmitted data about different types of energy. The satellite went into decay on July 1, 1961.

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Aug 132019
 
Building Berlin Wall

Building Berlin Wall

Berlin Wall was built in 1961. Before the wall was built, people from East Berlin were escaping to West Berlin. The wall was built to deter any more immigration. It was torn down starting November 9, 1989.

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Oct 172019
 

Museum of Modern Art, in New York City, hung Matisse’s Le Bateau upside down in 1961. The mistake was not found until December 3, 1961.

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Nov 292019
 

Enos in 1961 became the first US chimpanzee to survive orbital flight. He was part of Mercury Atlas 5, which orbited twice around the world before it splashed into the ocean near Puerto Rico. The flight was a precursor to one where John Glenn orbited the earth. Children can read about animals in the space program at: Space Animals.

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