Colo was the first gorilla born in captivity in 1956 at the Columbus, Ohio, Zoo. At birth she weighed a little more than three pounds. She had 3 children, 16 grandchildren, 12 great-grandchildren, and 3 great-great-grandchildren. She was the oldest gorilla in captivity until she died on January 17, 2017. Children could read Colo’s Story: the Life of One Grand Gorilla, by Nancy Roe Pimm. Children can view a terrific video about her at: Colo.
Chewing gum was patented in 1869 by W. F. Semple, a dentist from Mount Vernon, Ohio. Today worldwide consumers spend 19 billion dollars a year on gum. The average person chews 300 sticks of gum each year. Children can see Semple’s descriptive patent at: Gum Patent and they can research how gum is made at: Gum Production.
Tin-type camera was patented by Hamilton Smith of Gambier, Ohio, in 1856. Idea: Children could learn how the tin-type was different from other kinds of cameras.
Ohio became the seventeenth state of the United States in 1803. The state’s nickname is the Buckeye State and the state tree is the buckeye. Columbus is the capital. The official state beverage is tomato juice. Children could visit an Internet site at: Ohio. Children could also make and drink some tomato juice.
Jerrie Mock in 1964 became the first woman to fly solo around the world. She left Columbus, Ohio, on March 19, 1964, in The Spirit of Columbus. She returned to Columbus 29 days later. She made 21 stopovers and traveled 23,206 miles. She received the Louis Bleriot Medal from the Federation Aeronautique Nationale. Children can learn more at: Jerrie Mock. They could also read The Jerrie Mock Story: The First Woman to Fly Solo around the World by Nancy Roe Pimm.
First night baseball game was played in the major leagues. The Cincinnati Reds beat the Philadelphia Phillies in 1935. Over 20,000 baseball fans attended the game in Cincinnati, Ohio.
Universal Bar Codes were put into practice in 1974. A package of gum was scanned at the Marsh grocery store in Troy, Ohio. The purchaser was Clyde Dawson, and the store clerk was Sharon Buchanan. Afterward, the package of gum went to the Smithsonian and was put on display.
Northwest Ordinance was created in 1787. It provided for the government of the territory north of the Ohio River. However, it was the foundation for all other American territorial governments. It established how the territory could eventually become a state, and it guaranteed basic freedoms for its inhabitants. States carved from the Northwest Territory include Illinois, Indiana, Wisconsin, Ohio, Michigan, and Minnesota. Idea: Older children could read a transcript of the document at: Northwest Ordinance. Children could find out how a territory became a state.
First traffic light in the country was installed in Cleveland, Ohio, in 1914. James Hoge received patent #1,251,666 for his “Municipal Traffic Control System.” Four pairs of red and green lights were wired to a manually controlled system. Children could view the patent at: traffic light.
Babe Ruth hit his 500th home run in 1929. The first baseball player to reach this milestone, he was playing in League Park in Cleveland, Ohio. He went on to hit 714 home runs during his career. Only 26 baseball players have hit more than 500 home runs.