Camel first appeared in the United States in Boston in 1721. It stood seven feet high and twelve feet long. Children could learn some interesting facts about camels at: Camel Facts.
Redwood National and State Parks were created in 1968. Located along the northern coast of California, the parks encompass over 100,000 acres and preserve the remaining giant redwood trees. Children could visit the park’s website at: Redwood.
Thurgood Marshall was sworn into the Supreme Court in 1967. He was the first African American Supreme Court Justice. He retired on June 27, 1991. Idea: Children learn more at: Thurgood Marshall. They could find out how Supreme Court Justices are appointed. Children could also read Thurgood Marshall: American Revolutionary by Juan Williams.
Nobel Prizes will be announced this week.
The Nobel Prize in Medicine will be announced on Monday.
The Nobel Prize in Physics will be announced Tuesday.
The Nobel Prize in Chemistry will be announced Wednesday.
The Nobel Prize in Literature will be announced Thursday.
The Nobel Peace Prize will be announced Friday.
The Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences will be announced on Monday, October 12.
Germany celebrates Unity Day. East Germany and West Germany had been two separate countries for 45 years. When they combined in 1990, they took West Germany’s name, the Federal Republic of Germany. Slightly smaller than the state of Montana, Germany has a temperate climate. Over 81 million people live there, and Berlin is the capital. Children could learn more at: Germany.
Frank Robinson in 1974 became the first African American to be hired as a major league baseball team manager. He was the only player to be selected most valuable player by both the National League and the American League. He was hired to manage the Cleveland Indians. Children could learn more at: Frank Robinson.
Captain Kangaroo premiered on television on CBS in 1955. The show ended in 1984.
Mickey Mouse Club began its first season on ABC also in 1955. The original series ended in 1960, but it was revamped in 1977 to 1979 and again in 1989 to 1996.
World Animal Day is today! First celebrated in 1925, the day aligns with the feast day of Saint Francis of Assissi, patron saint of animals. This year’s theme is Great or small, love them all. The day reminds us of the importance of animals and that we should care for them. The day also reminds us of the importance of saving endangered animal species. Idea: Children could list all the animals they can think of and then group them say into farm animals, forest animals, jungle animals. Then children could eat animal crackers.
World Space Week, sponsored by the United Nations, is from October 4 through October 10. Created in 1999, the week commemorates events in space. This year’s theme is “Space Entrepeneurship.” Two events sparked the choice of these days:
- Sputnik I, a Soviet spacecraft, was launched on October 4, 1957. It was the first successful man-made satellite, weighing 184 pounds and remaining in space for 21 days. Sputnik marked the beginning of the space race.
- Members of the United Nations signed on October 10, 1967, the Treaty on Principles Governing the Activities of States in the Exploration and Peaceful Uses of Outer Space, including the Moon and Other Celestial Bodies.
Other events related to space and air travel on this date are:
- Jet passenger service began in 1958. The British airliner Comet flew from London to New York.
- Luna 3 was launched in 1959 by the Soviets. It was the first spacecraft to photograph the moon’s far side.
- SpaceShipOne became in 2004 the first private, successful, manned venture into space. Its owners received the $10 million Ansari X Ten Prize for their efforts. SpaceShipOne is now in the Smithsonian Air and Space Museum.
Lesotho celebrates Independence Day. It became free from British rule in 1966. The country, about the size of Maryland, is entirely surrounded by South Africa. Almost two million people live in Lesotho, and Maseru is the capital. Tourism is a major industry. Older children can learn more at: Lesotho.