Oct 042019
 

World Space WeekWorld Space Week, sponsored by the United Nations, is from October 4 through October 10. Created in 1999, the week commemorates events in space. This year’s theme is “The Moon: Gateway to the Stars.” Two events sparked the choice of these days:

  • Sputnik I, a Soviet spacecraft, was launched on October 4, 1957. It was the first successful man-made satellite, weighing 184 pounds and remaining in space for 21 days. Sputnik marked the beginning of the space race.
  • Members of the United Nations signed on October 10, 1967, the Treaty on Principles Governing the Activities of States in the Exploration and Peaceful Uses of Outer Space, including the Moon and Other Celestial Bodies.

Other events related to space and air travel on this date are:

  • Jet passenger service began in 1958. The British airliner Comet flew from London to New York.

    SpaceShipOne

  • Luna 3 was launched in 1959 by the Soviets. It was the first spacecraft to photograph the moon’s far side.
  • SpaceShipOne became in 2004 the first private, successful, manned venture into space. Its owners received the $10 million Ansari X Ten Prize for their efforts. SpaceShipOne is now in the Smithsonian Air and Space Museum.
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Oct 102019
 
Flag of Taiwan

Flag of Taiwan

Taiwan celebrates Republic Day, the 1911 anniversary of the Chinese Revolution. Located between the Taiwan Strait and the Philippine Sea, the main island and several smaller islands have an area of about 1.15 times the size of Maryland. Over 23 million people live in Taiwan, and Taipei is the capital.

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Oct 102019
 
Fiji

Flag of Fiji

Fiji celebrates Independence Day. The United Kingdom gave up custody of the three hundred islands in 1970. The islands, located in the South Pacific, depend on agriculture and tourism for income. The total area of Fiji is about the area of the state of New Jersey. Around 900,000 people live there. Suva is the capital.

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Oct 102019
 
Naval Cadets Photographed between 1890 and 1901

Naval Cadets Photographed between 1890 and 1901

United States Naval Academy opened in Annapolis, Maryland, in 1845. Fifty students were taught by seven professors. Today the academy has an enrollment around 4500, and the academic staff exceeds 500.

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Oct 102019
 

Synthetic detergent (Dreft, produced by Proctor and Gamble) was sold in 1933. Idea: Children can learn the differences between soap and detergent.

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Oct 102019
 
London Bridge, Lake Havasu City, Arizona

London Bridge, Lake Havasu City, Arizona

London Bridge was moved to Lake Havasu City, Arizona, in 1971. Spanning the River Thames, London Bridge was built in 1831. However, by around 1970 the bridge was not structurally sound for modern traffic. The government planned to dismantle it. Robert P. McCulloch, founder of Lake Havasu City, purchased the bridge. The pieces were dismantled, numbered, shipped to Arizona, and reassembled. The bridge, connecting portions of Lake Havasu City, also became a tourist attraction.

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