Atlantis, an American shuttle spacecraft, was launched in 1989. It successfully deployed Magellan, which traveled to Venus to map the planet’s surface. Magellan encountered Venus on August 10, 1990 and began taking pictures. It continued to photograph the planet’s surface until October 13, 1994.
Captain Juan Sebastian de Elcano brought the only surviving ship, the Vittoria, from Magellan’s expedition back to Spain in 1522. The voyage started September 20, 1519, with five ships and about 265 men. Only eighteen of the men survived and returned on the Vittoria.