Hattie Caraway became the first woman to be elected a United States Senator in 1932. She represented the state of Arkansas. Her husband was one of the state’s senators when he died. As was custom then, she completed his term. She surprised the powers to be when she decided to run for the office and won! She served in the Senate until 1945. Children could calculate the number of male and female senators by visiting: Women Senators. They could find out if the number of female senators has risen in recent years.