Democratic Party used the donkey as its party emblem for the first time in 1870. Harper’s Weekly printed an article which included Thomas Nast’s caricature of a donkey. Children can see the cartoon and learn more at: Donkey.
Samuel Adams (born Boston, Massachusetts, 1722; died Boston, Massachusetts, October 2, 1803) was a leader during the American Revolution. He attended the First and Second Continental Congresses. He signed the Declaration of Independence and the Articles of Confederation. Idea: Children could find out what he did after the Revolutionary War. They may also want to read Jean Fritz’s Why Don’t You Get a Horse, Sam Adams?
Paul Goble (born Haslemere, England, 1933; died Rapid City, South Dakota, January 5, 2017) was an author and illustrator of children’s books. The Girl Who Loved Wild Horses received the Caldecott Medal in 1978.
G. Brian Karas (born Milford, Connecticut, 1957) writes and illustrates book for children. His works include The Windy Day and I Know an Old Lady. Children can visit his website at: G. Brian Karas.
Nicholas Mordvinoff (born Saint Petersburg, Russia, 1911; died Hampton, New Jersey, May 5, 1973) was an artist. He earned a 1951 Caldecott Honor Award for The Two Reds. Then he received the 1952 Caldecott Medal for his illustrations in Finders Keepers.
Thomas Nast (born Landau, Germany, 1840; died Guayaquil, Ecuador, December 7, 1902) was a political cartoonist. He created the symbols of the donkey and the elephant for the two political parties. Children can view some of his political cartoons at: Thomas Nast.
Bernard Waber (born Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, 1924; died Long Island, New York, May 16, 2013) wrote and illustrated 33 books for children. He wrote among other works Lyle, Lyle, Crocodile and The House on East 88th Street. Children can learn more at: Bernard Waber.
Elephant was used for the first time to represent the Republican Party. Harper’s Weekly published a Thomas Nast cartoon using the elephant in 1874. Children can see the original cartoon at: Elephant.