Sep 152021
 
Harvesting Hope: The Story of Cesar Chavez, a Pura Belpre Medal Book

Harvesting Hope: The Story of Cesar Chavez, a Pura Belpre Medal Book

National Hispanic Heritage Month is celebrated from September 15 through October 15 by Presidential Proclamation. President Gerald Ford expanded the celebration from a week to a month in 1974. September 15 was picked as the beginning because five Latin American countries, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Nicaragua, Guatemala, and Honduras, celebrate their independence on that day. Mexico and Chile celebrate their independence within a few days. Children can learn more at: National Hispanic Heritage Month.

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Sep 152021
 

The Central American countries of Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, and Nicaragua declared their independence from Spain in 1821.

Costa Rica

Flag of Costa Rica

Costa Rica, about the size of West Virginia, has a population of about 4.7 million people. The country, which exports bananas, pineapples, and coffee, has four active volcanoes. San José is the capital. Children can learn more at: Costa Rica.

El Salvador

Flag of El Salvador

El Salvador, slightly smaller than the state of Massachusetts, has a population of 6.1 million people. It exports coffee, sugar, and textiles. It is the only Central American country that does not have a coastline on the Caribbean Sea. San Salvador is the capita Childdren can learn more at: El Salvador.

Guatemala

Flag of Guatemala

Guatemala, slightly smaller than the state of Tennessee, has a population of 14.3 million people. It exports sugar, coffee, and petroleum. Mountains cover most of the country, and Guatemala City is the capital. Children can learn more at: Guatemala.

Honduras

Flag of Honduras

Honduras, slightly larger than the state of Tennessee, is home to 8.5 million people. The country often experiences hurricanes along the Caribbean coast. It exports textiles, shrimp, and coffee. Tegucigalpa is the capital. Children can learn more at: Honduras.

Nicaragua

Flag of Nicaragua

Nicaragua, a bit smaller than the state of New York, has a population of 5.8 million people. The largest country in Central America, Nicaragua exports beef, coffee, gold, and sugar. Managua is the capital. Children can learn more at: Nicaragua.

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