Royal Greenwich Observatory was established in 1675 by order of Charles II. The building has significant historical and scientific connections. Today’s Prime Meridian goes through the property. Greenwich Mean Time was calculated there until 1954. Today the building is a tourist attraction.
Doughnut was invented in 1847. According to legend, Elizabeth Gregory made the first doughnuts with nuts in the middle. Her son, sea captain Hanson Gregory, cut out the center with a round pepper tin. Now about ten billion doughnuts are consumed in the United States each year.
V-Mail (Victory Mail) began in 1942 as World War II brought many soldiers overseas. To conserve space on transport planes, letters were opened and photographed. A roll of film held 1,600 letters. The film was mailed overseas, and the letters were printed. The process ceased November 1, 1945, when the war ended. Older children could learn more at: Victory Mail.
Dan Brown (born Exeter, New Hampshire, 1964) is a novelist. His books include The Da Vinci Code and Inferno. Young adults can visit his website at: Dan Brown.
Margaret Sidney (born New Haven, Connecticut, 1844; died San Francisco, California, August 2, 1924) wrote books for children. She is most famous for her Five Little Peppers series. Children can learn more at: Margaret Sidney. They can read many of her books, including Five Little Peppers, at: Project Gutenberg.
Luxembourg celebrates National Day and the official birthday of His Royal Highness Grand Duke Henri. It is a landlocked country smaller than Rhode Island. French, German, and Luxembourgish are official languages of the country. About 500,000 people live in the country, and Luxembourg is the capital.
William Penn signed a peace treaty with the Lenni Lenape Indians in 1683. No documents have survived that tell us what the actual treaty promised. Numerous artists have painted their visions of the meeting. Children could learn more at: Peace Treaty.
Typewriter was patented in 1868 by Christopher Latham Sholes. At first he thought few people would want such a machine because business people prided themselves on their penmanship. What a thought! Children could learn more about the typewriter at: Typewriter.
SAT was first administered in 1926. About 8,000 students took the 90-minute test of 315 problems.
Wilma Rudolph (born St. Bethlehem, Tennessee, 1940; died Brentwood, Tennessee, November 12, 1994) was the first American woman to garner three gold medals in one Olympics. She specialized in track events. A polio survivor, Rudolph serves as a model for dedication and hard work. Children could read Wilma Unlimited: How Wilma Rudolph Became the World’s Fastest Woman, by Kathleen Krull.
Theodore Taylor (born Statesville, North Carolina, 1924; died Laguna Beach, California, October 26, 2006) wrote at least 50 books for children and young adults. One of his books is The Cay, which received the 1970 Jane Addams Book Award. The Edgar Award was presented to him in 1992 for The Weirdo. His The Bomb earned the 1996 Scott O’Dell Award for Historical Fiction. Children can visit a website devoted to him at: Theodore Taylor.
Clarence Thomas (born Pinpoint, Georgia, 1948) is an Associate Justice on the Supreme Court. He is the second African-American to serve on the Supreme Court.
Henry VIII and Catherine of Aragon were crowned in England in 1509. Catherine of Aragon was the first of his seven wives.