Valentine’s Day is celebrated in many parts of the world. Three factors may contribute to the creation of Valentine’s Day. The holiday may have roots in an ancient Roman festival, Lupercalia. One saint named Valentine secretly married couples against a Roman emperor’s wishes. Another saint named Valentine refused to worship Roman gods and was arrested. Children tossed him notes, and thus the idea of exchanging valentines began. Other people believe birds choose their mates on Valentine’s Day. Idea: Instead of buying valentines, children could make cards. They could also learn more at: Valentine’s Day.
Oregon became the thirty-third state of the United States in 1859. The state’s nickname is the Beaver State. Salem is the state capital, but Portland is the largest city. It is the leading state in the production of Christmas trees. It is also one of the strongest states in regard to the environment. The state is the ninth largest state, and it is 43rd in population. The square dance is the state’s official dance. Children could visit an Internet site at: Oregon.
Arizona became the forty-eighth state of the United States in 1912. The word Arizona derives from a Pima or Papago word meaning, place of small springs. It was relatively unpopulated until the wide spread use of air conditioners. It still faces the problem of water scarcity. Arizona is the sixth largest state and the fourteenth most populous. The bolo tie is the state’s official neckwear. Children could visit an Internet site at: Arizona.
League of Women Voters was organized in 1920. Carrie Chapman Catt founded the group in Chicago, Illinois, and the purpose is to promote nonpartisan political action. All fifty states, Washington, DC, and Puerto Rico have chapters. Children can visit the website at: http://www.lwv.org/.
Lawrencium, element 103, was produced for the first time in 1961. Scientists from Lawrence Radiation Laboratory, located in Berkeley, California, created Lawrencium by bombarding californium and boron. Lawrencium is radioactive and short-lived.
George Washington Gale Ferris (born Galesburg, Illinois, 1859; died Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, November 22, 1896) invented the Ferris wheel. He created the first Ferris wheel for the World’s Columbian Exposition in Chicago in 1893. It was made to rival the Eiffel Tower.
Adam Gidwitz (born San Francisco, California, 1982) writes books for children. He received a 2017 Newbery Honor Award for The Inquisitor’s Tale: Or, The Three Magical Children and their Holy Dog. Children could visit his site at: Adam Gidwitz.
Margaret E. Knight (born York, Maine, 1838; died Framingham, Massachusetts, October 12, 1914) was a most accomplished woman inventor. One of her most-famous inventions produced flat-bottom paper bags. She received at least 27 patents, perhaps as much as 30. Children could read Marvelous Mattie: How Margaret E. Knight Became an Inventor, by Emily Arnold McCully.
George Shannon (born Caldwell, Kansas, 1952) writes books for children. His books include Frog Legs and Heart to Heart. Children can visit his website at: George Shannon.
Paul O. Zelinsky (born Evanston, Illinois, 1953) is a children’s book author and illustrator. His Rapunzel won the 1998 Caldecott Award. He has illustrated books by other authors, including Beverly Cleary and Jack Prelutsky. Children could visit his interesting website at: Paul O. Zelinsky.