Lascaux was discovered in 1940. Located in southwestern France, the Lascaux cave was found by a young man named Marcel Ravidat. The series of caves contain about 6,000 paintings, which can be organized into three groups: animals, humans, and abstract creations. The cave was opened to tourists in 1948, but light, changes in air temperature, and carbon dioxide exhaled by humans took a toll on the works of art. The real cave was closed in 1963, and a simulation of the cave was opened nearby. Mold continues to be a problem. Children can visit the official (and amazing) website at: Caves of Lascaux.
Canyonlands National Park was created in 1964. Located in southeastern Utah, the Park encompasses over 300,000 acres. The Green River combines with the Colorado River in the park, creating large canyons. Petroglyphs can be found in several locations. Children can visit the park’s website at: Canyonlands.
Luna 2, a Soviet spacecraft, was launched in 1959. On September 14, 1959, it became the first spacecraft to land on the moon. It discovered that the moon had no magnetic field.
Fiftieth Space Shuttle Mission was launched in 1992. The crew spent seven days in space. The flight provided several firsts: Mae Jemison became the first African American woman in space; Mamoru Mohri was the first Japanese scientist to go into space; Mark Lee and N. Jan Davis were the first married couple to fly in a spacecraft. Children could view a timeline of the Space Shuttle missions at: Space Shuttle Missions.
Richard Jordan Gatling (born Hertford County, North Carolina, 1818; died New York, New York, February 26, 1903) was an inventor. He invented mainly items to improve agriculture, including a steam plow and a wheat drill. However, he is most known for the Gatling gun, the first machine gun.
Jesse Owens (born James Cleveland Owens in Oakville, Alabama, 1913; died Tucson, Arizona, March 31, 1980) was an athlete. He won four gold medals at the 1936 Olympic Games in Berlin, Germany. He established eleven world records in track and field. Children could read Jesse Owens: Gold Medal Hero by Jim Gigliotti.
Valerie Tripp (born Mt. Kisco, New York, 1951) is the author of 31 books of the American Girl Series. Children can visit her website at: Valerie Tripp.