Today is Labor Day, a holiday and the unofficial end to summer. The holiday was probably first observed in 1882 in New York City by the Carpenters and Joiners Union. The holiday grew in popularity, and over half the states were celebrating Labor Day by 1893. President Grover Cleveland made it a legal holiday in 1894. Children can learn more at: Labor Day.
First Continental Congress met secretly in 1774 in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. In response to the Intolerable Acts, 56 representatives from 12 colonies discussed their grievances. Georgia did not send members. Peyton Randolph from Virginia was the president. The First Continental Congress, which ended on October 26, 1774, had accomplished two goals. The group decided that the colonies would boycott British goods starting in September 1775. Also they agreed to meet again in May 1775. Idea: Children could find out how people were chosen to attend the First Continental Congress. They could also read the journals of the meetings at: Journals.
Gasoline pump was operated for the first time in 1885. Created by Sylvester F. Bowser of Fort Wayne, Indiana, it could hold a barrel of gasoline.
Orbiting Geophysical Observatory 1 was launched 1964. Five other Orbiting Geophysical Observatories were launched between 1965 and 1969. These satellites measured the earth’s magnetosphere and provided data about the earth and sun. Older children can learn more at: OGO.
Voyager I was launched in 1977. It approached Jupiter in 1979 and Saturn in 1980. It continues to explore deep space and send back data. Traveling at a maximum speed of 38,000 miles per hour, Voyager I has traveled far beyond Pluto’s orbit. Children can visit a VERY INTERESTING WEBSITE: Voyager.
Paul Fleischman (born Monterey, California, 1952) has written at least 35 books for children. He is the son of Sid Fleischman. Graven Images received a 1983 Newbery Honor Award. His book Joyful Noise: Poems for Two Voices earned the 1989 Newbery Medal. Idea: Children could read and enjoy some of his works. One of his books, Bull Run, describes the Civil War from various points of view. That book was awarded the 1989 Scott O’Dell Award for Historical Fiction. Children can visit his website at: Paul Fleischman.
Erin Entrada Kelly (born Lake Charles, Louisiana, 1977) writes books for children. She received the 2018 Newbery Medal for Hello, Universe. She also received a 2021 Newbery Honor Award for We Dream of Space. Children can learn more at: Erin Entrada Kelly.
Gloria Jean Pinkney (born Lumberton, North Carolina, 1941) is a children’s book author and an ordained minister. She is the wife of Jerry Pinkney and the mother of Brian Pinkney. Her books include Sunday Outing and Back Home.