National Teacher Appreciation Day is today. The recognition goes back to 1944 when Mattye Whyte Woodbridge, an Arkansas teacher, wrote Eleanor Roosevelt. Woodbridge felt teachers needed a pat on the back, and Roosevelt agreed. She worked with Congress to create a Teacher Appreciation Day. Did you know there are 6.2 million teachers in the United States?
Poland celebrates Swieto Trzeciego Majo (Constitution Day). Its first constitution was ratified in 1794. This European country, according to the CIA World Factbook, is slightly smaller than New Mexico. The climate ranges from cold and snowy in winter to cool and rainy in the summer. About 38 million people live in Poland, and the country exports machinery and manufactured goods. Wycinanki, paper cutting, is a Polish folk art. Children could learn how to produce the folk art at: Wycinanki. Children can learn more about Poland at: Poland.
New York State in 1904 became the first state to institute automobile speed limits. Cars could travel ten miles per hour in cities and twenty miles per hour in rural areas.
Mavis Jukes (born Nyack, New York, 1947) writes books for children. Her books include No One Is Going to Nashville and Blackberries in the Dark. She received a 1985 Newbery Honor Award for Like Jake and Me.
Golda Meir (born Golda Mabovitz in Kiev, Ukraine, 1898; died Jerusalem, Israel, December 8, 1978) moved to the United States in 1906. She left the United States for Palestine in 1921. It was divided into Israel and an Arab state in 1948. She served in various government capacities in Israel and was its Prime Minister from 1969 to 1974.
Jacob August Riis (born Ribe, Denmark, 1849; died Barre, Massachusetts, May 26, 1914) was a journalist and a photographer. He came to the United States in 1870 and found employment as a carpenter. He became a reporter and concentrated on the plight of the poor and on child labor. His works brought about changes in city housing, parks, and schools. He was one of the first photographers to use flash bulbs. Children can view some of his works at: Project Gutenberg. Children could read the excellent book Immigrant Kids by Lewis Hine, Jacob Riis, and Russell Freedman.