North Carolina became the twelfth state of the United States by ratifying the Constitution in 1789. Its founders named the state after Charles I. Carolus means Charles in Latin. The state’s nicknames are the Tar Heel State and Old North State. Raleigh is the state capital. In colonial times the state raised rice and tobacco. Leading sources of income today are tobacco, textiles, and furniture. The Wright Brothers flew their first airplane in Kittyhawk, North Carolina. Children could visit America’s Library at: North Carolina. They could find out what a tar heel is.
Phonograph was invented in 1877 by Thomas Edison. The first phonograph certainly differs from today’s music options. Children could view a timeline of audio recordings at: Timeline. They could draw the different stages of development and then predict what the next stage will be.
Verrazzano-Narrows Bridge opened in 1964. The 4,260-foot suspension bridge connects Brooklyn and Staten Island. The bridge was the longest in the world until the Humber Bridge was completed in the United Kingdom in 1981. The bridge was named in honor of Giovanni de Verrazzano, who was the first European to explore the Hudson River and the New York Harbor. Children could learn about the bridge at: Youtube.
Josiah Bartlett (born Amesbury, Massachusetts, 1729; died Kingston, New Hampshire, 1795) signed the Declaration of Independence. A physician, he represented New Hampshire. He was the first representative to vote for independence and the first representative to approve the Declaration of Independence. During the Revolutionary War he aided wounded soldiers. After the war, Bartlett was governor of New Hampshire from 1790 to 1794. Children could learn more at: Josiah Barteltt.
Stanley “Stan the Man” Musial (born Donora, Pennsylvania, 1920; died Ladue, Missouri, January 19, 2013) was a Baseball Hall of Fame outfielder and first baseman. Children could learn more about him at: Stan Musial.
Leo Politi (born Fresno, California, 1908; died Fresno, California, March 26, 1996) was a children’s author and illustrator. His Pedro: The Angel of Olvera Street received the 1947 Caldecott Honor Award. Next, Juanita was chosen to be a 1949 Caldecott Honor Award book. Finally, Song of the Swallows won the 1950 Caldecott Medal. Children can learn more at: Leo Politi.
Elizabeth George Speare (born Melrose, Massachusetts, 1908; died Tucson, Arizona, November 15, 1994) was a children’s author. She wrote, among other works, The Witch of Blackbird Pond (Newbery Award), published in 1958. In 1962 she won another Newbery Award for The Bronze Bow, She also wrote The Sign of the Beaver (Newbery Honor Book), published in 1983. In 1989 Speare received the Laura Ingalls Wilder Award of her contributions to children’s literature. Children could learn more at: Elizabeth George Speare.
Margaret Whalen Turner (born 1965) writes fantasy for young adults. Her book The Thief earned a 1997 Newbery Honor Award. Other books include The Queen of Attolia and The King of Attolia. Young adults can visit her website: Megan Whalen Turner.