Libya celebrates Liberation Day. Bordered by the Mediterranean Sea, Egypt, and other north African countries, Libya is slightly larger than the state of Alaska. Over six million people live in Libya, and Tripoli is the capital and largest city. The country exports much of its oil and imports much of its food. Children could learn more at: Libya.
National Mole Day marks the celebration of Avogadro’s number, 6.02 x 10^23. The celebration begins at 6:02 AM on 10/23. This year’s theme is “HaMOLEton.” The event started in the early 1980’s and is often incorporated into National Chemistry Week. Children could visit a website at: Mole Day.
War of Jenkins’ Ear began in 1739. The war began when a Spanish soldier cut off the ear of English officer Robert Jenkins. American colonial officers and soldiers fought for the British. The war somewhat ended in 1742, but politics swept up further events.
Swallows leave Capistrano, California, for the winter. They fly to Argentina, but they will return March 19th.
Laurie Halse Anderson (born Potsdam. New York, 1961) writes books for children and young adults. Her book Speak received a 2000 Michael L. Printz Honor Award. Chains earned the 2009 Scott O’Dell Award for Historical Fiction. She also received the Margaret A. Edwards Medal for lifetime achievement in 2009. Young adults can view her website at: Laurie Halse Anderson.
Nicolas Appert (born Chalons-Sur-Marne, France, 1752; died Massy, France, June 3, 1841) is known as the “Father of Canning.” He invented ways of sealing and preserving food in containers. Idea: Children could find out all the ways we preserve food today.
Michael Crichton (born Chicago, Illinois, 1942; died Los Angeles, California, November 4, 2008) was a writer. His works include The Andromeda Strain and Jurassic Park.
Gertrude Caroline Ederle (born New York, New York, 1906; died Wyckoff, New Jersey, November 30, 2003) was a swimmer. At one point she held 29 national and world records. She won a gold medal and two bronze medals in the 1924 Olympics. In 1926 she became the first woman to successfully swim the English Channel. Although the channel is 21 miles wide, a storm actually forced her to swim 35 miles. She returned to New York to a ticker tape parade.
Pelé (born Edson Arantes do Nascimento in Tres Coracoes, Brazil, 1940) is a retired soccer player.