United States Navy, originally called the Continental Navy, was created in 1775. Today over 300,000 sailors serve on over 285 ships.
White House Cornerstone was placed into position in 1792. Completed in 1800, the White House contains more than 100 rooms. Children could learn more at: White House.
Garret A. Morgan patented a device for breathing in 1914 that would make mining safer. He received patent number 1,113,675. Children can view the patent at: Breathing Device.
Copiapo miners were rescued in 2010! A mine cave-in in the Atacama Desert near Copiapo, Chile, had trapped 33 men underground on August 5. The men had rushed to an emergency shelter underground. Drilling apparatus found the location of the men seventeen days later. Oxygen, food, water, and letters from friends and family began reaching the men a few days later. Meanwhile, rescue operations, an international effort, continued on the surface. At one point experts thought the miners would not be rescued until late December. However, good fortune and expert drilling finally created an escape plan. One by one the men were brought up in a capsule. They were all successfully brought to earth’s surface before midnight on October 13, 2010!
Robert Ingpen (born Victoria, Australia, 1936) writes and illustrates books for children. He has illustrated over 100 books, and he received the prestigious 1986 Hans Christian Andersen Award for his body of work. He has also written at least thirteen fiction books and at least twenty nonfiction books. His illustrated works include The Magic Crystal and Ziba Came on a Boat.
Molly Pitcher (born Mary Hays McCauley near Trenton, New Jersey, 1754; died Carlisle, Pennsylvania, January 22, 1832) was a Revolutionary War hero. She was carrying pitchers of water to the men at the Battle of Monmouth on June 28, 1778. When her husband could no longer man the cannon, she took over. Children could learn more at: Molly Pitcher.
Conrad Richter (born Pine Grove, Pennsylvania, 1890; died Pottsville, Pennsylvania, October 30, 1968) was an author. One of his books is The Fields, Pulitzer Prize winner for fiction in 1951.
Rudolf Virchow (born Schivelbain, Prussia, 1821; died Berlin, Germany, September 5, 1902) has been called the “Father of Pathology.” He conducted invaluable research in leukemia, rickets, tuberculosis and other diseases. Older children could learn more at: Rudolf Virchow.