John Quincy Adams in 1838 began a three-week speech against the annexation of Texas. Texas was ultimately added to the United States in 1845.
First helicopter flight took place in 1922. Henry Berliner demonstrated the craft, built by his father Emile Berliner, to the United States Bureau of Aeronautics. Children can find out how helicopters work by watching: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YJBhWVDArLo.
Valentina Tereshkova became the first woman to travel in space in 1963. She was on the Soviet Vostok VI. She circled the earth 48 times during the 70-hour flight. Born in 1937, she was chosen from a field of 400 candidates. She has remained active in both Russian space research and Russian politics.
Jennifer L. Holm (born California, 1968) writes books for children. She has received three Newbery Honor Awards: in 2000 for Our Only May Amelia, in 2007 for Penny from Heaven, and in 2011 for Turtle in Paradise. Children could visit her website at: http://www.jenniferholm.com/.
Barbara McClintock (born Hartford, Connecticut, 1902; died Huntington, New York, September 2, 1992) was a world-famous cytogeneticist, studying genetics at the cellular level. She received the 1983 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for her work in discovering “mobile genetic elements.” Older children could read Barbara McClintock: Pioneering Geneticist by Ray Spangenburg and Diane Kit Moser.
Joyce Carol Oates (born Lockport, New York, 1938) is a writer. Some of her works have been written for children and young adults, including Freaky Green Eyes and Come Meet Muffin!