Daniel Boone was hired in 1775 to cut the Wilderness Road. The road connected Virginia via the Cumberland Gap to Kentucky. The trail was rough and rocky; settlers walked the trail or rode horses. In 1790 the road was improved so that wagons could travel on it. Children can learn more about the Wilderness Road at: Daniel Boone.
Telephone was invented by Alexander Graham Bell in 1876 in Cambridge, Massachusetts. His first telephone message was “Mr. Watson, come here. I want you.” Children can learn more at: Telephone.
Harriet Tubman died in Auburn, New York, in 1913. Her exact date of birth is unknown. She was born around 1820 in Dorchester County, Maryland. A slave, she escaped to Philadelphia in 1849. She then became the most famous conductor for the Underground Railroad, probably saving about 900 people. During the Civil War, she acted as a spy and a scout. After the war, she cared for orphans and the aged. Children may want to read Before She Was Harriet, written by Lesa Cline-Ransome and illustrated by James E Ransome. He received a 2018 Coretta Scott King Illustrator Honor Award for the book. Children could also learn more about her life at: Harriet Tubman.
Rings around Uranus were discovered in 1977. James L. Elliot, Edward W. Dunham, and Doulas J. Mink discovered the rings while they were using the Kuiper Airborne Observatory. They actually discovered five rings by accident; they were trying to learn more about the atmosphere on Uranus. Some strange observations led them to the idea of rings. Today thirteen rings around Uranus have been documented. Children can learn more about Uranus, its rings, and its moons by visiting: Rings around Uranus.
Mary Buff (born Cincinnati, Ohio, 1890; died 1970) wrote and illustrated fourteen books with her husband, Conrad Buff II. Theiy received a Caldecott Honor Award in 1943 for Dash and Dart. They received three Newbery Honor Awards: in 1947 for The Big Tree, in 1952 for The Apple and the Arrow, and in 1954 for Magic Maize.
Clare Boothe Luce (born New York, New York, 1903; died Washington, DC, October 9, 1987) was a writer and politician. She edited two magazines and wrote a number of plays. She was elected to the House of Representatives and was the first woman to be named ambassador to an important country. She was the US ambassador to Italy from 1953 to 1956.
Lillian D. Wald (born Cincinnati, Ohio, 1867; died Westport, Connecticut, September 1, 1940) was a nurse and social worker. She founded the Henry Street Settlement. It became an important public health nursing center. She campaigned actively to make Congress create the United States Children’s Bureau. Children can learn more at: Lillian Wald. The Henry Street Settlement continues to operate.