Today is Labor Day, a holiday and the unofficial end to summer. The holiday was probably first observed in 1882 in New York City by the Carpenters and Joiners Union. The holiday grew in popularity, and over half the states were celebrating Labor Day by 1893. President Grover Cleveland made it a legal holiday in 1894. Children can learn more at: Labor Day.
Brazil celebrates Independence Day. It became free from Portuguese rule in 1822, but Portuguese is still the official language. This South American country is only slightly smaller than the United States. Over 200 million people live in Brazil, and Brasilia is the capital. It exports coffee and soybeans. Idea: Children could compare and contrast the Portuguese language and the Spanish language.
“Uncle Sam” symbol was used for the first time in 1813. It appeared in a Troy, New York, newspaper. Sam Wilson, a meat packer from New York, was supplying beef to the troops during the War of 1812. He marked the beef barrels with the letters US, meaning the meat was for US soldiers. However, the soldiers began interpreting the letters US as Uncle Sam.
Raggedy Ann dolls were patented by John Gruelle in 1915. He received patent D47,789.
Alexandra Day (born Cincinnati, Ohio, 1941) is a children’s author and illustrator. One of her books is Frank and Ernest. She also created the Carl series, wordless books that feature a baby and a dog named Carl. Children could visit her website at: http://www.gooddogcarl.com/.
Elizabeth I (born Greenwich Palace, 1533; died Richmond, England, March 24, 1603) was queen of England from 1558 until her death. Her parents were Henry VIII and Anne Boleyn. During her reign England became a leading power. Idea: Children could read from the Royal Diaries series, Elizabeth I: Red Rose of the House of Tudor England, by Kathryn Lasky.
Elmer Hader (born Pajaro, California, 1889; died Grand View-on Hudson, New York, September 9, 1973) was a writer and illustrator of children’s books. He and his wife Berta Hader collaborated on more than 100 books. They received the 1948 Caldecott Medal for The Big Snow.
Eric Hill (born Holloway, United Kingdom, 1927; died Templeton, California, June 6, 2014) wrote children’s books. He is most known for his books about Spot, a puppy always getting into trouble. More than 60 million copies of his books have been sold. Children can learn more at: Eric Hill.
Buddy Holly (born Charles Harden Holly in Lubbock, Texas, 1936; died in a plane crash near Mason City, Iowa, February 3, 1959) was a leader of rock ‘n’ roll. One of his most famous songs was “Peggy Sue.”
Jacob Lawrence (born Atlantic City, New Jersey, 1917; died Seattle, Washington, June 9, 2000) was an African American painter and illustrator. He received the Spingarn Medal. Children can visit a website at: Jacob Lawrence.
Anna Mary Robertson “Grandma” Moses (born Greenwich, New York, 1860; died Hoosick Falls, New York, December 13, 1961) was a contemporary primitive artist. She began painting when she was 78 years old. Children could view some of her work at: Grandma Moses.