Vanuatu celebrates Independence Day. It gained its freedom from France and Great Britain in 1980. This group of twelve larger islands and sixty smaller islands changed its name from the New Hebrides to Vanuatu on this day as well. The country is located in the Pacific Ocean, and Port Vila is the capital. The area of Vanuatu is about the same as the area of Connecticut. Approximately two thirds of the 260,000 people living on the islands are farmers. Other industries include tourism and off-shore fishing.
Morocco celebrates Throne Day. King Mohammed VI became the country’s ruler in 1999. This north African country borders both the Atlantic Ocean and the Mediterranean Sea. Morocco’s area compares to the area of California. Almost 33 million people live in Morocco, and many of the people depend on tourism for jobs. Rabat is the capital.
Paperback books were sold for the first time in 1935. Penguin Books sold three million paperbacks in Great Britain alone that year.
WAVES (Women Accepted for Volunteer Emergency Service) was created in 1942 in response to World War II. This organization was part of the navy. Within a year 27,000 women had volunteered for jobs ranging from clerical work to medical support to intelligence. In 1948, women were incorporated into the navy, and the term WAVES was retired.
Ann Brashares (born Alexandria, Virginia, 1967) writes books for young adults. Her books include The Sisterhood of the Traveling Pants series. Young adults can visit her website at: Ann Brashares.
Emily Bronte (born Thornton, Yorkshire, England, 1818; died Haworth, Yorkshire, England, December 19, 1848) was an author. She wrote only one novel, Wuthering Heights. She also wrote poetry. Children can read her works at: Project Gutenberg.
Henry Ford (born Dearborn Township, Michigan, 1863; died Dearborn Township, Michigan, April 7, 1947) created the assembly line for making cars. He became wealthy from selling so many cars. Children can learn more at: Henry Ford.
Henry Moore (born Castleford, Yorkshire, England, 1898; died Much Hadham, Hertfordshire, England, August 31, 1986) was an artist and sculptor. He is best known for his large, metal sculptures of human figures. Children can view some of his works at: Henry Moore.
Marcus Pfister (born Bern, Switzerland, 1960) writes books for children. He is well-known for his 1992 book Rainbow Fish. Children can visit his website at: Marcus Pfister.
Pat Schories (born New York State, 1952) illustrates books for children. She illustrates the Biscuit series and the Jack series. Children can visit her website at: Pat Schories.
Vladimir Kosma Zworykin (born Murom, Russia, 1889; died Princeton, New Jersey, July 29, 1982) came to the United States in 1919. In 1920 he headed a Westinghouse Electric Company team and developed the television camera and picture tube. He was also very important in research leading to the electron microscope. Idea: Children certainly enjoy television. They could record how much television they watch in a week.