Summer solstice is today. Today is the longest day in the northern hemisphere and the shortest day (start of winter) in the southern hemisphere. Children can learn more at: Summer Solstice.
West Virginia became the thirty-fifth state of the United States in 1863. It seceded from Virginia in 1861. Its nickname is the Mountain State, and the capital is Charleston. The state ranks forty-first in area and thirty-fifth in population. Today much of its income comes from farming and coal mining. Children can visit a website at: West Virginia. Idea: Since Charleston is the capital, children could learn to dance the Charleston.
Congress adopted the Great Seal in 1782. The seal, housed with the State Department, is used to authenticate federal documents. Three committees contributed their ideas until the final choice was made. The seal has at least five symbols that have thirteen of that object. For example, the eagle holds thirteen arrows. Children can learn more at: Great Seal.
Last Great Buffalo Hunt occurred in 1882. Bison can weigh up to a ton and stand six feet high at their shoulders. At one time 60 million buffalo roamed the plains, but buffalo hunts reduced the number to only 541 animals. Today about 31,000 biscon can be found in preserves or on ranches. Children could learn more at: Buffalo. Children could also find out why that bird perches on the buffalo’s back.
Ice cream soda was invented in Philadelphia in 1874 by Robert M. Greene. It was created to celebrate the fiftieth anniversary of the Franklin Institute. Idea: Children could make ice cream sodas.
Caroline Willard Baldwin became the first woman to obtain a doctor of science degree in 1895. She graduated from Cornell University. She wrote an article, A Photographic Study of Arc Spectra, for the Physical Review journal. She then taught physics at the California School of Mechanical Arts.
Annette Curtis Klause (born Bristol, England, 1953) writes books for young adults. Her works include The Silver Kiss and Blood and Chocolate.