Department of Agriculture was created in 1862. Visit the department’s website for children at: USDA for Kids.
Ellen Church became the first woman flight attendant in 1930. The United Airlines employee flew from San Francisco, California, to Chicago, Illinois. The 20-hour flight stopped at numerous cities. Female flight attendants became more common, but they often had to help pilots, process luggage, or push airplanes into hangars.
Nylon stockings were first sold in 1940. Previously women had to wear wool stockings (hot and itchy) or silk stockings (expensive and easy to run). Nylon stockings, however, were tough and long-lasting. Women bought 64 million pairs of stockings in 1940. When World War II was declared, nylon was diverted to military needs. Nylon stockings became very rare. After the war, women could buy nylons again.
Peace Officers Memorial Day has been honored by Presidential Proclamation since 1963. The day honors all law enforcement officers injured or killed in the line of duty. The week around the day is Police Week.
David Almond (born Felling, England, 1951) writes books for young adults. His books include Skellig, which earned a 2000 Michael L. Printz Honor Award, and Kit’s Wilderness, which received the 2001 Michael L. Printz Medal. He received the very prestigious Hans Christian Andersen Award for Writing in 2010. Children can visit his website at: David Almond.
Lyman Frank Baum (born Chittenango, New York, 1856; died Hollywood, California, May 6, 1919) was an author and newspaper reporter. He is famous for his Wizard of Oz books. Children can read his works at: Project Gutenberg. Children could learn more at: Baum.
Pierre Curie (born Paris, France, 1859; died Paris, France, April 19, 1906) was a physicist. He and his wife, Marie Curie, researched radioactivity. They and Antoine Henri Becquerrel received the 1903 Nobel Prize in physics for their work on the radioactivity of uranium.
Ellen MacGregor (born Baltimore, Maryland, 1906; died Chicago, Illinois, March 29, 1954) wrote books for children. She is most known for her Miss Pickerell series. After she died, Dora Pantell continued the series.
Norma Fox Mazer (born New York, New York, 1931; died Montpelier, Vermont, October 17, 2009) wrote books for young adults. Her book After the Rain received the 1988 Newbery Medal, and Taking Terri Mueller earned the 1982 Edgar Award. She was married to Harry Mazer, who also wrote books for children and young adults. They co-authored at least two books, Heartbeat and Bright Days, Stupid Nights. children can learn more at: Norma Fox Mazer.
Kadir Nelson (born Washington, DC, 1974) writes and illustrates books for children. He has earned two Caldecott Honor Awards: for Moses: When Harriet Tubman Led Her People to Freedom in 2007, and for Henry’s Freedom Box: A True Story from the Underground Railroad in 2008. He wrote and illustrated We Are the Ship: The Story of Negro League Baseball, for which he won both the 2009 Robert F. Sibert Informational Book Medals for words and pictures. He earned a Celdecott Medal and a Coretta Scott King Illustrator Medal for The Undefeated in 2020. Children can visit his website at: Kadir Nelson.
Katherine Anne Porter (born Indian Creek, Texas, 1890; died Silver Spring, Maryland, September 18, 1980) was an author. One of her best known novels is Ship of Fools. She was awarded the 1965 Pulitzer and the National Book Award for Collected Short Stories.
Ellen Louise Axson Wilson (born Savannah, Georgia, 1860; died Washington, DC, August 6, 1914) was the first wife of Woodrow Wilson, twenty-eighth president of the United States. She worked to eliminate slum conditions. She died about one year after Wilson became president. Children could visit a website at: Ellen Wilson. Idea: Two of Wilson’s daughters were married in the White House. Children could learn about the children of the president. They could decide if it would be fun to live in the White House.
G. Clifton Wisler (born Oklahoma City, Oklahoma, 1950; died Plano, Texas, April 8, 2016) wrote books for children and young adults. He also created westerns for adults. His books include Buffalo Moon and King’s Mountain.
Paul Zindel (born New York, New York, 1936; died New York, New York, March 27, 2003) was a playwright and author of young adult books. Two of his most popular books are The Pigman and David and Della. Children could visit a website devoted to him at: Paul Zindel.