The Pilgrim’s Progress from This World to That Which Is to Come was published in 1678. Written by John Bunyan, the book has been translated into 200 languages. Children can read his works at: Project Gutenberg.
The Gambia celebrates Independence Day. It gained its independence from Great Britain in 1965. Banjul is the capital of this small country, located on the northwestern coast of Africa. According to the CIA World Factbook, The Gambia is about twice the size of Delaware. Almost two million people live in The Gambia, and about 75 percent of its inhabitants are farmers.
Pluto was discovered in 1930 by Clyde W. Tombaugh. As far back as 1905, Percival Lowell felt that an unknown planet was influencing the orbits of Neptune and Uranus. However, he died without finding the planet. Tombaugh used Lowell’s work to predict the location and was successful in 1930. Pluto’s day is about six earth days, and its year is about 248 earth years. The average temperature is about -342 degrees to -369 degrees Fahrenheit. Pluto is named after the ancient god of the underworld. Pluto was demoted from planetary status on August 24, 2006, by the International Astronomical Union. Children can learn more at: Pluto.
Elm Farm Ollie in 1930 was the first cow to be milked while flying in an airplane. The milk was placed in a container, and the container was dropped by parachute over St. Louis, Missouri. Idea: Have children write a newspaper account of this story.
Count Alessandro Giuseppe Antonio Anastasio Volta (born Como, Italy, 1745; died Como, Italy, February 18, 1827) developed the voltaic pile, an early battery. The unit of electrical measurement, the volt, is named after him. Idea: Children could find out more about volts and electrical current. They could read more about Volta at: Volta.
Toni Morrison (born Lorain, Ohio, 1931; died New York, New York, August 5, 2019) was an author. Her books include The Bluest Eye and Beloved. She received the 1993 Nobel Prize in Literature and the 1998 Pulitzer Prize.