Universal Children’s Day is observed by the United Nations. The day was first marked in 1953. Over one hundred nations recognize this day. Children could combine the ideas of the Bill of Rights and Universal Children’s Day and propose ideas for a children’s bill of rights. Children can learn more at: Children’s Day
Peregrine White, born 1620, was the first child of Pilgrims born in the New World. His parents, William and Susanna, chose the name peregrine because it means “traveler” or “pilgrim.” This meaning of peregrine is very different than the meaning most Americans would have today; a peregrine is a bird of prey. Born on the Mayflower anchored off Plymouth Colony, Peregrine had one sibling. His father died in 1621, and his mother married Edward Winslow a short time later. Both his father and stepfather were signers of the Mayflower Compact. Peregrine served in the military, and he was a well respected member of the community. He died on July 20, 1704.
Bill of Rights was ratified by New Jersey in 1789. New Jersey was the first state to approve the amendments. The process was completed on December 15, 1791, when Virginia ratified the amendments. Children can learn more at: Bill of Rights.
Traffic signal was patented in 1923 by Garrett Morgan. Experts are not sure if Morgan’s traffic signal was actually used. Children can view the rest of his patent at: Traffic Signal Patent.
Marion Dane Bauer (born Oglesby, Illinois,1938) is a children’s writer and a writing teacher. She has written over 80 books. Her novel Rain of Fire was awarded the 1984 Jane Addams Peace Association Award, and On My Honor received the 1987 Newbery Honor Award. Her website showcases her books and presents great writing tips: Marion Dane Bauer.
Joseph Biden (born Scranton, Pennsylvania, 1942) was the 47th Vice President of the United States.
Chester Gould (born Pawnee, Oklahoma, 1900; died Woodstock, Illinois, May 11, 1985) was a cartoonist. His Dick Tracy first appeared in 1931 and was eventually syndicated in one thousand newspapers. Children can become “crimestoppers” at: Dick Tracy.
Edwin Powell Hubble (born Marshfield, Missouri, 1889; died San Marino, California, September 28, 1953) was an astronomer. His theories on the expanding universe changed the course of astronomy. The Hubble Space Telescope is named after him. Children can learn about the Hubble Space Telescope at: Hubble Telescope.
Selma Lagerlof (born Varmland Province, Sweden, 1858; died Varmland Province, Sweden, March 16, 1940) was the first woman to win the Nobel Prize for literature. She received the 1909 prize for her collection of poems. Older children can read some of her works at: Project Gutenberg.
Oliver Wolcott (born Windsor, Connecticut, 1726; died East Windsor, Connecticut, December 1, 1797) signed the Declaration of Independence. He was a general during the Revolutionary War, and he was part of a strong team that defeated the British at the Battle of Saratoga in New York in 1777. Following the Revolutionary War, he was Connecticut’s governor from 1796 until his death in December, 1797.