Chile celebrates Independence Day. It became free of Spanish rule in 1810. This long, narrow country, about twice the size of Montana, is bordered to the west by the Pacific Ocean and to the east by the Andes Mountains. About 17.2 million people live in Chile, and Gran Santiago is the capital. Copper is one of its major exports.
Capitol Building cornerstone in Washington, DC, was laid by President Washington in 1793. The exact location of that cornerstone is now lost. Some experts believe it lies below National Statuary Hall. Children can learn many facts about the Capitol by visiting: Capitol Building.
New York Times published its first issue in 1851. Children could visit the newspaper’s kids website at: http://learning.blogs.nytimes.com/
Old Faithful Geyser was discovered in 1870. Located in Yellowstone National Park, the geyser was named by Henry D. Washburn. He was part of the Washburn-Langford-Doane Expedition to Yellowstone. The geyser erupts every 35 to 120 minutes. It shoots approximately 3,700 gallons of boiling water to a height of up to 185 feet. Children can view a webcam of Old Faithful Geyser at: Old Faithful.
Air Force was created as an independent service in 1947. There has been an air force component of the military since 1907.
Jean Bernard Leon Foucault (born Paris, France, 1819; died Paris, France, February 11, 1868) was a scientist. He measured the speed of light through different materials. His experiments with pendulums proved that the earth rotated on its axis. Children could read an excellent biography, Come See the World Turn, written by Lori Mortensen and illustrated by Raul Allen.
George Read (born Cecil County, Maryland, 1733; died New Castle, Delaware, September 21, 1798) signed the Declaration of Independence. Representing Delaware, he also signed the Constitution. As governor of Delaware, he was instrumental in making sure Delaware was the first state to approve the Constitution. After the Revolutionary War, he was a United States senator and then the chief justice of the Delaware Supreme Court.