Hungary celebrates Saint Stephen’s Day, a national holiday that marks the day when his remains were taken to Buda, now called Budapest. A landlocked country in eastern Europe, Hungary is about the size of the state of Indiana. Its flat plains experience a temperate climate. Almost ten million people live in Hungary, and Budapest is the capital.
Viking I was launched in 1975. It landed on the surface of Mars on July 20, 1976. It transmitted photographs and data regarding weather and atmosphere until November 11, 1982. Children can learn more at: Viking I.
Voyager 2 was launched in 1977. It traveled near Jupiter in 1979, Saturn in 1981, Uranus in 1986, and Neptune in 1989. It transmitted photographs and data back to earth. It continues in its space travels, sending back weak radio signals. Children can visit an interesting website, including data on the spacecraft’s distance from earth, at: Voyager 2.
Vitus Bering (born Horsens, Jutland, Denmark, 1680; died Bering Island, December 19, 1741) was an explorer. He confirmed that water separated Asia and North America. He also claimed land now known as Alaska for Russia. Heavy fogs forced him to land on Bering Island as he was trying to return to Russia. He died of scurvy on the island. Idea: Children now know that Bering Island is named after him. They could find out what two other geographic features bear his name. They could also learn more at: Vitus Bering.
Benjamin Harrison (born North Bend, Ohio, 1833; died Indianapolis, Indiana, March 13, 1901) was the twenty-third president (1889-1893) of the United States. He was the grandson of William Henry Harrison, the ninth president of the United States. During the Civil War he was a brigadier general. He served in the United States Senate, representing Indiana. Although he lost the popular vote, he won the Electoral College vote and became president. He compared the White House to a jail. During his presidency, six new states were admitted to the Union. Children could visit a website at: Benjamin Harrison. They could find out which six states were added to the Union during his presidency.
Judith Byron Schnachner (born Waltham, Massachusetts, 1951) writes and illustrates books for children. Her books include the Skippyjon Jones series and Willy and May. Children can visit her website at: Judith Byron Schnachner.