Puerto Rico celebrates Constitution Day. Also called Commonwealth Day, the day celebrates the island’s 1952 constitution adoption. A United States territory, this Caribbean island is a bit less than three times the size of Rhode Island. Although it has a tropical climate, the country often experiences droughts and hurricanes. About 3.7 million people live in Puerto Rico, and many of the inhabitants have jobs related to dairy farming, sugar production, or tourism. More than 3.6 million tourists visit Puerto Rico each year. San Juan is the capital.
James VI, King of Scotland, also became King of England in 1603. He took the name James I in England. He succeeded Queen Elizabeth I, who had no children. The king had the Bible translated into English (King James Version). Jamestown and the James River were named after him.
Louis Bleriot became the first person to fly a plane across the English Channel. He left Les Baraques, France, in 1909 and landed in Dover, England. The trip took 36 minutes 30 seconds. The Daily Mail, a British newspaper, had offered a reward of £1000 to the first successful aviator. Bleriot received the reward, and he instantly became famous. Children could read the 1984 Caldecott Medal book The Glorious Flight: Across the Channel with Louis Bleriot, July 25, 1909 by Alice Provensen and Martin Provensen.
Thomas Eakins (born Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, 1844; died Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, June 25, 1916) was a painter and sculptor. His works were extremely realistic. Children could visit a website at: Thomas Eakins.
Rosalind Franklin (born United Kingdom, 1920; died United Kingdom, April 16, 1958) was a scientist who specialized in studying the molecular structure of RNA and DNA. Her work was used by Watson and Crick to figure out the helix structure of DNA.
Anna Tuthill Symmes Harrison (born Morristown, New Jersey, 1775; died North Bend, Ohio, February 25, 1864) was the wife of William Henry Harrison, the ninth president of the United States. She never lived in the White House. She was too ill to be at his inauguration, and he contracted pneumonia at his swearing in ceremony. He died within a month of his inauguration. She outlived her husband by 23 years. Children could visit a website at: Anna Harrison.
Henry Knox (born Boston, Massachusetts, 1750; died Thomaston, Maine, October 25, 1806) was a general during the Revolutionary War. Knox was responsible for Washington’s troops crossing the Delaware in 1776. Before the war he was a bookseller. After the war, Washington appointed Knox to be secretary of war. Fort Knox was named in honor of him.
Ruth Krauss (born Baltimore, Maryland, 1901; died Westport, Connecticut, July 10, 1993) wrote at least 40 books for children. Her books include A Hole Is to Dig and A Very Special House. Illustrators of her books include Marc Simont, Remy Charlip, and Maurice Sendak.
Rachel Vail (born New York, New York, 1966) writes books for children and young adults. Her works include The Friendship Ring series and the Mama Rex and T series. Children can visit her website at: Rachel Vail.
Clyde Watson (born New York, New York, 1947) writes books for children. She often collaborates with her sister, Wendy Watson. Her books include Catch Me Kiss Me and Applebet: An ABC. Children can visit her website at: Clyde Watson.