Cameroon celebrates Republic Day. Declared a republic in 1972, Cameroon, according to the CIA World Factbook, is about the size of California. Its climate varies from tropical in the south to semiarid in the north. About 20.5 million people live in this African country, with most of the population located in the south. Approximately 70 percent of the population are farmers. Yaoundé is the capital.
Homestead Act was created by Congress in 1862. Any person over the age of 21 or who was the head of a family could procure 160 acres of public land. He/she had to be willing to live on it for five years and to make improvements on it. The act enticed between 400,000 and 600,000 families to the West. Children could learn more at: Homestead Act.
Levi Strauss and Jacob Davis received a patent in 1873 for denim jeans with copper rivets. Strauss and Davis made heavy-duty pants for hard-working miners in California and Nevada.
Charles Lindbergh started his solo flight across the Atlantic in 1927. He left Long Island, New York, in the Spirit of St. Louis at 7:52 AM. He arrived at Paris, France, at 10:24 PM on May 21. “Lucky Lindbergh” won a $25,000 prize for his efforts. He instantly became a national hero. Idea: Children could read more about his life and the fame he faced.
Amelia Earhart started her first solo flight across the Atlantic in 1932. She was the first woman to fly alone over the Atlantic. She departed from Harbor Grace, Newfoundland. Thirteen and a half hours later she landed in Londonderry, Ireland. Children could learn more at: Amelia Earhart.
Honoré de Balzac (born Tours, France, 1799; died Paris, France, August 18, 1850) was a writer. Older children can read some of his works at: Project Gutenberg.
Caralyn Buehner (born St. George, Utah, 1963) writes books for children. Her husband Mark Buehner often illustrates her books. Their books include Taxi Dog and Snowmen at Night. Children can visit their website at: Buehner.
Carol Carrick (born Queens, New York, 1935; died Martha’s Vineyard, Massachusetts, June 6, 2013) wrote about 50 books for children. Her books include Upside-Down Cake and The Washout.
Sorche Nic Leodhas (born LeClaire Gowans Alger in Youngstown, Ohio, 1898; died Wilkinsburg, Pennsylvania, November 14, 1969) wrote books for children. She received a 1963 Newbery Honor Award for Thistle and Thyme: Tales and Legends from Scotland. She also wrote Always Room for One More. The book’s illustrator, Nonny Hogrogian, was awarded the 1966 Caldecott Medal. Another book, All in the Morning Early earned its illustrator, Evaline Ness, a 1963 Caldecott Honor Award. Children could learn more at: Sorche Nic Leodhas.
Dolley Payne Todd Madison (born Guilford County, North Carolina, 1768; died Washington, DC, July 12, 1849) was the wife of James Madison, the fourth president of the United States. She often served as hostess for the widower Thomas Jefferson when he was president. When her husband became president in 1809, she held the first inaugural ball. The British attacked and burned the White House during the War of 1812. She gathered up much of the building’s treasures before the British arrived. Children could visit a website at: Dolley Payne Madison. Idea: Children could research her life and then write about some of her adventures.
Mary Pope Osborne (born Fort Sill, Oklahoma, 1949) is an author. Her books include the Magic Treehouse series. Children can visit her website at: http://marypopeosborne.com/. They could also visit the Magic Tree House site at: http://www.magictreehouse.com/.
Dan Yaccarino (born Montclair, New Jersey, 1965) writes and illustrates books for children. He also is a television producer. His books include If I Had a Robot and Where the Four Winds Blow. Children can visit his website at: Dan Yaccarino.