Hernando de Soto discovered the Mississippi River in 1541. He called the river Rio de Espiritu Santo. The Mississippi River is about 2,350 miles long. It begins at Lake Itasca and ends at the Gulf of Mexico. Children can learn more about the Mississippi River at: http://www.nps.gov/miss/riverfacts.htm. Children can learn more about de Soto at: http://www.nps.gov/deso/index.htm
Captain George Vancouver located and named Mount Rainier in Washington in 1792. Mount Rainier is a stratovolcano that last erupted a thousand years ago. Children can learn more at: http://www.nps.gov/mora/index.htm.
John Stith Pemberton sold Coca-Cola for the first time in 1886 in Jacob’s Pharmacy in Atlanta, Georgia. He sold nine glasses at a nickel each. Children could learn more at: http://www.coca-colacompany.com/topics/heritage.
V-E Day was celebrated in 1945. Germany surrendered to the Allied Forces, ending World War II in Europe. A surrender document was signed at Reims and became effective one minute past midnight on May 9, 1945. President Harry Truman, whose birthday is today, signed the agreement. He stated that the agreement was a wonderful birthday present.
Ellen Howard (born New Bern, South Carolina, 1943) writes books for children. Her books include the Log Cabin series and The Crimson Cap.
Milton Meltzer (born Worcester, Massachusetts, 1915; died New York, New York, September 19, 2009) wrote books for children. His books include Piracy and Plunder and Bound for America.
Mary Q. Steele (born Chattanooga, Tennessee, 1922; died Chapel Hill, North Carolina, July 6, 1992) wrote books for children and adults. Married to author William O. Steele, she stated that she was born an author. Her book Journey Outside received a 1970 Newbery Honor Award.
Harry Truman (born Lamar, Missouri, 1884; died Kansas City, Missouri, December 26, 1972) was the thirty-third president (1945-1953) of the United States. During World War I he served as an artilleryman He was a senator before he was elected vice-president. When Roosevelt died, Truman became president. Some of his actions were to join the United Nations, to accept Germany’s surrender during World War II, and to drop the atomic bombs on Japan. Children could visit a website at: Harry Truman. Truman made an interesting statement. He said, “The buck stops here.”