Valentine’s Day is celebrated in many parts of the world. Three factors may contribute to the creation of Valentine’s Day. The holiday may have roots in an ancient Roman festival, Lupercalia. One saint named Valentine secretly married couples against a Roman emperor’s wishes. Another saint named Valentine refused to worship Roman gods and was arrested. Children tossed him notes, and thus the idea of exchanging valentines began. Other people believe birds choose their mates on Valentine’s Day. Idea: Instead of buying valentines, children could make them. They could also learn more at: Valentine’s Day.
Oregon became the thirty-third state of the United States in 1859. Salem is the state capital, and the state’s nickname is the “Beaver State.” It is the leading state in the production of Christmas trees. It is also one of the strongest states in regard to the environment. The square dance is the state’s official dance. Children could visit an Internet site at: Oregon.
Arizona became the forty-eighth state of the United States in 1912. The word Arizona derives from a Pima or Papago word meaning, “place of small springs.” It was relatively unpopulated until the wide spread use of air conditioners. It still faces the problem of water scarcity. The bolo tie is the state’s official neckwear. Children could visit an Internet site at: Arizona.
League of Women Voters was organized in 1920. Carrie Chapman Catt founded the group in Chicago, Illinois, and the purpose is to promote nonpartisan political action. All fifty states, Washington, DC, and Puerto Rico have chapters. Children can visit the website at: http://www.lwv.org/.
Lawrencium, element 103, was produced for the first time in 1961. Scientists from Lawrence Radiation Laboratory created Lawrencium by bombarding californium and boron. Lawrencium is radioactive and short-lived.
George Washington Gale Ferris (born Galesburg, Illinois, 1859; died Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, November 22, 1896) invented the Ferris wheel. He created the first Ferris wheel for the World’s Columbian Exposition in Chicago in 1893. It was made to rival the Eiffel Tower.
George Shannon (born Caldwell, Kansas, 1952) writes books for children. His books include Frog Legs and Heart to Heart.
Paul O. Zelinsky (born Evanston, Illinois, 1953) is a children’s book author and illustrator. His Rapunzel won the 1998 Caldecott Award. He has illustrated books by other authors, including Beverly Cleary and Jack Prelutsky. Children could visit his interesting website at: Paul O. Zelinsky.