Georgia became the fourth state in the United States by ratifying the Constitution in 1788. Although one of Georgia’s nicknames is “The Peach State,” the crops of peanuts and tobacco each bring in more revenue than peaches. Cotton, which was a very important source of revenue one hundred years ago, now generates a little more than one percent of the state’s income. Atlanta is the state capital. Children can visit an Internet site at: Georgia. Idea: Children could make and enjoy a simple peach cobbler.
Cotton gin was patented by Eli Whitney in 1794. It changed the way cotton was raised and processed in the southeastern United States. Prior to the gin, slaves had to hand separate the cotton fibers from cotton seeds and debris. The cotton gin processed the separation ten times faster. More cotton could therefore be played, and unfortunately more slaves would be needed. Children could glean many more details at: http://www.archives.gov/education/lessons/cotton-gin-patent/. Children could watch an animation as to how the cotton gin works at: http://www.eliwhitney.org/cotton.htm.