South Carolina became the eighth state of the United States by ratifying the Constitution in 1788. It was named in honor of King Charles II. “Carolus” is Latin for Charles. Columbia is the state capital. Its nickname is the palmetto state, and its leading sources of income are tobacco, rice, and textiles. Children could visit an internet site at: South Carolina. They could also find out what a palmetto is.
Benjamin Franklin introduced bifocals in 1785. Children can learn about some of his other inventions at: Ben Franklin.
Junko Tabei became the first woman to climb Mount Everest in 1975.
Margaret Wise Brown (born New York, New York, 1910; died Nice, France, November 13, 1952) was a children’s author. She wrote about a hundred books under several names, but she is most famous for Goodnight Moon and The Runaway Bunny. Children could learn more at: Margaret Wise Brown.
Oliver Butterworth (born Hartford, Connecticut, 1915; died Hartford, Connecticut, September 17, 1990) was an educator and a writer. He is most famous for The Enormous Egg.
Susan Cooper (born England, 1935) writes books for children and young adults. Known for her books of fantasy, she received the 1976 Newbery Medal for The Grey King. She also earned the 2012 Margaret A. Edwards Award for lifetime achievement. Children can visit her website at: Susan Cooper.
Carl Linnaeus (born near Kristianstad, Sweden, 1707; died Uppsala, Sweden, January 10, 1778) was a naturalist. He devised the classification system for living things: Kingdom, Phylum, Class, Order, Family, Genus, and Species.
Scott O’Dell (born Los Angeles, California, 1898; died Santa Monica, California, October 15, 1989) wrote books for children and adults. He has received many awards. His book Island of the Blue Dolphins received the 1961 Newbery Medal. In 1967 The King’s Fifth earned a Newbery Honor Award. He received another Newbery Honor Award in 1968 for The Black Pearl. In 1971 Sing Down the Moon received a Newbery Honor Award. He received the very prestigious Hans Christian Andersen Award in 1972. In 1982 he created the Scott O’Dell Award for Historical Fiction, and 1987 he received the award for Streams to the River, River to the Sea: A novel of Sacagawea. Children could learn more about Scott O’Dell and the Scott O’Dell Award for Historical Fiction from Children’s Book Award Handbook, by Diana F. Marks.
Brenda Seabrooke (born Mount Dora, Florida, 1941) writes books for children. Her books include The Swan’s Gift and The Dragon that Ate Summer.