Puerto Rico celebrates Emancipation Day. Slavery was ended on this date in 1873. Puerto Rico at that time belonged to Spain, and the Spanish National Assembly voted to abolish slavery.
United Nations declares today as World Water Day. The theme this year is World Water Day 2018: Nature for Water. As the world’s population increases and the amount of water remains the same, water increasingly becomes more important to countries. Children could learn more at: World Water Day. Children could view the interesting National Geographic site about water: Water.
LASER (Light Amplification by Stimulated Emission of Radiation) was patented in 1960 by Charles Townes and Arthur Schawlow. Today we do not capitalize all the letters in the word laser. Children can learn how lasers work at: LASER.
Valeri Polyakov in 1995 set a record for living in space for the longest time, 439 days, in the Russian space station Mir. That record has now been broken several times. Cosmonauts and astronauts must adapt to living in space. For example, astronauts must learn to brush their teeth in a different way in space. Children can learn more about daily life in space at: Living in Space.
International Day of the Seal was declared by Congress in 1982. Experts are concerned about the cruelty of seal hunts. They are also worried that species will become extinct. Idea: Children could research different types of seals. Which species are under threat of extinction?
Randolph Caldecott (born Chester, England, 1846; died St. Augustine, Florida, February 12, 1886) was a children’s illustrator. At age fifteen he went to work in a bank. However, he always carried a sketchbook with him; and he became an artist in 1872. Two of his works are Three Jovial Huntsmen and The House That Jack Built. Bad health forced him to come to America, but he died shortly after his arrival. Children can view many of his illustrated books at: Project Gutenberg. Around 1938 the American Library Association created the Caldecott Medal to honor the finest American illustrators of children’s books. Children can see more about the Caldecott Medal at: Caldecott. They could also read a biography of Caldecott and learn more about the Caldecott Medal by reading Children’s Book Award Handbook, by Diana F. Marks. Idea: Children could read and study some of the Caldecott winners. They could look at new books and make recommendations for next year’s winner.
Denys Cazet (born Oakland, California, 1938) has written and illustrated at least 35 books for children. His books include the Minnie and Moo series.
Andrew Lloyd Webber (born London, England, 1948) is a composer. His works include Phantom of the Opera and Cats.
Marcel Marceau (born Strasbourg, France, 1923; died Cahors, France, September 22, 2007) was a very famous mime. Idea: Children could produce their own mime acts, perhaps accompanied by Stephen Sondheim’s music or Andrew Lloyd Webber’s music.
James Patterson (born Newburgh, New York, 1947) writes books for children, young adults, and adults. His books for children include I Funny and The Worst Years of My Life. Children can learn more at: James Patterson
Stephen Sondheim (born New York, New York, 1930) is a composer. His works include Sunday in the Park with George and Into the Woods.
Sir Anthony Van Dyck (born Antwerp, Belgium, 1599; died London, England, December 9, 1641) was an artist. He is most known for his portraits and religious scenes. Children can see many of his works at: Van Dyck