Mauritius celebrates Independence Day. It became a free nation in 1968, but it is still part of the British Commonwealth. About 2/3 the size of Rhode Island, this island country is located in the Indian Ocean east of Madagascar. The island had been colonized by various countries and often served as a way station for navies. About 1.3 million people live on the island, and sugar cane is the predominant crop. Port Louis is the capital.
Girl Scouts of the United States of America was established in 1912. A week of celebrations usually revolves around March 12. Children could visit a website at: Girl Scouts.
“Fireside Chats” were held for the first time by Franklin Roosevelt in 1933. These radio broadcasts from the White House were his way of communicating his concerns and triumphs to America. He delivered 30 Fireside Chats over 11 years. He started a trend that other presidents followed. President Obama delivered an online weekly address.
Daniel Cohen (born Chicago, Illinois, 1936) has written over 100 nonfiction books for children. His books include Allosaurus and other Jurassic Meat-Eaters and Civil War Ghosts.
Charles Cunningham Boycott (born Norfolk, England, 1832; died Suffolk, England, June 19, 1897) is famous because his last name is so much a part of our language. He owned a number of properties. He charged high rents, and he evicted those who could not pay the money. The tenants refused to rent from him, and thus the word boycott came into being. Idea: Brainstorm as a class a list of words that have come from someone’s name.
Virginia Hamilton (born Yellow Springs, Ohio, 1936; died Yellow Springs, Ohio, February 19, 2002) wrote 41 books for children. She received many, many honors and awards, including the 1992 Hans Christian Andersen Medal, the 1995 Laura Ingalls Wilder Medal, and several Coretta Scott King Awards. She wrote among other works In the Beginning: Creation Stories from Around the World (Newbery Honor Book), published in 1988. Her book M. C. Higgins the Great received the 1975 Newbery Medal. Children could visit a website devoted to her at: Virginia Hamilton.
Carl Hiaasen (born Plantation, Florida, 1953) writes books for children and young adults. His book Hoot received a 2003 Newbery Honor Award. Children can visit his website at: Carl Hiaasen.
Naomi Shihab Nye (born Saint Louis, Missouri, 1952) writes poetry and novels. Her book Sitti’s Secrets received the 1998 Jane Addams Children’s Book Award.
Jane Means Appleton Pierce (born Hampton, New Hampshire, 1806; died Andover, Massachusetts, December 2, 1863) was the wife of Franklin Pierce, fourteenth president of the United States. She did not want her husband to run for the office. Children could visit a website at: Jane Means Appleton Pierce.
Wally Schirra (born Hackensack, New Jersey, 1923; died La Jolla, California, May 3, 2007) was one of the original Mercury Seven astronauts. He was the first person to travel into space three times. In 1962 he piloted Mercury-Atlas 8 and orbited the earth six times. Then he was part of the crew of Gemini 6A. He was commander of Apollo 7. He and his crew spent eleven days in space, carrying out experiments. He received an Emmy for his transmissions from space to earth. After his NASA years, he became a television commentator regarding the space program. Children can visit a website devoted to him at: Wally Schirra.
Andrew Young (born New Orleans, Louisiana, 1932) is a civil rights leader. He was mayor of Atlanta, a Congressperson from Georgia, and United States ambassador to the United Nations.