Galileo in 1613 may have seen Neptune, but he probably did not realize what it was. Children could learn more facts about Neptune at: http://www.planetsforkids.org/planet-neptune.html
Coast Guard was created by Congress in 1915. It was derived from the Life Saving and Revenue Cutter Service. The Coast Guard has three goals: maritime safety, maritime security, and maritime stewardship.
Louis Brandeis became the first Jew to be appointed to the Supreme Court in 1916. An Associate Justice, he served from 1916 to 1939. Before he became a Supreme Court Justice, he often took law cases for causes that were important to him. Many times he took no pay for these cases. He was called the “People’s Lawyer.” Children can learn more at: Louis Brandeis
Challenger Space Shuttle disintegrated in 1986. Just 73 seconds into its flight, the spacecraft broke into pieces over the Atlantic Ocean. The accident temporarily stopped the American space program, and it revamped space travel safety requirements. Killed were Christa McAuliffe (the first teacher in space), Francis Scobee, Gregory Jarvis, Ronald McNair, Michael Smith, Judith Resnick, and Ellison Onizuka. Children could learn more about the astronauts at: http://history.nasa.gov/Biographies/challenger.html . They could also read The Challenger Disaster by Tim McNeese.
Jackson Pollock (born Cody, Wyoming, 1912; died in an auto accident, East Hampton, New York, August 11, 1956) was an abstract expressionist painter. He developed a style where he dribbled paint and enamels over canvas to create delicate, lacy designs. While he was alive, he was famous but not wealthy. Only after he died did the price of his works soar. Children could view a gallery of his works at: http://www.jacksonpollock.com/. Then they could go to an amazing site and make their own art Jackson Pollock style: http://www.jacksonpollock.org/
Arthur Rubenstein (born Artur Rubenstein in Lodz, Poland, 1887; died 1982) was a concert pianist. He performed for the first time as a teenager in 1901. When World War II became imminent, he moved to the United States. He enjoyed touring and performing for radio, television, and movies.
Henry Morton Stanley (born Denbighshire, Wales, 1841; died London, England, May 10, 1904) was an explorer. He organized an expedition to find the missing missionary, David Livingstone. Stanley found Livingstone on November 10, 1871, and asked the famous question, “Dr. Livingstone, I presume?”
Vera B. Williams (born Hollywood, California, 1927; died Narrowsburg, New York, October 16, 2015) was a children’s author and illustrator. She received a 1983 Caldecott Honor Award for A Chair for my Mother. Next, her book Music, Music for Everyone earned a Jane Addams Children’s Book Honor Award. She wrote More, More, More, Cried the Baby, which was a 1991 Caldecott Honor Book. Lucky Song won the 1998 Charlotte Zolotow Award. Her book Amber was Brave, Essie was Smart received the 2002 Jane Addams Children’s Book Honor Award.