“Silent Night” was performed for the first time in a small Austrian town in 1818. Franz Xavier Gruber developed the melody, and Joseph Mohr wrote the lyrics. The original lyrics are in German, but it has been translated and performed in many other languages. The following site gives more information, as well as the lyrics in both German and English: Silent Night
War of 1812 ended in 1814 when a peace treaty, the Treaty of Ghent, was signed in Ghent, Belgium. Representatives from the United States and Great Britain started negotiations in August and completed the details December 24th. The Senate ratified the treaty on February 16, 1815. Children can view the detailed transcript of the treaty and other documents at: Treaty of Ghent
Christopher “Kit” Carson (born Madison County, Kentucky, 1809; died Fort Lyon, Colorado, May 23, 1868) was a frontiersman and Indian agent. Children can learn more about him at: Kit Carson. They can also visit the Kit Carson Museum at: Kit Carson Museum.
Johnny Gruelle (born Arcola, Illinois,1880; died Miami Beach, Florida, January 8, 1938) was a children’s author and illustrator. He created the Raggedy Ann doll and the Raggedy Ann stories. He patented the doll in 1915, and children can see the patent at: Patent. Children can learn more at: Johnny Gruelle
James Prescott Joule (born Salford, Lancashire, England, 1818; died Cheshire, England, October 11, 1889) was a scientist. He formulated Joule’s Law in 1840. An electrical conductor produces heat. The unit of energy is called a joule. Children can set up an experiment with a toaster to show how an electrical conductor carries heat. The children could enjoy the toast after the experiment.
William Paterson (born Northern Ireland, 1745; died Albany, New York, September 9, 1806) represented New Jersey at the Constitutional Convention. A lawyer, he was part of New Jersey’s law making system during the Revolutionary War. After the war, he served in the Senate. Then he became governor of New Jersey. Then George Washington asked him to serve on the Supreme Court, a role he held for thirteen years until his death.
Benjamin Rush (born Byberry, Pennsylvania, 1745; died Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, April 19, 1813) was an early American hero. He signed the Declaration of Independence. A physician, he was also called the “Father of Psychiatry.” He was the first doctor to label alcoholism as a disease.
John Langstaff (born Brooklyn, New York, 1920; died Switzerland, December 13, 2005) was a musician, music educator, and writer of children’s books. He wrote 25 children’s books, including Frog Went A-Courtin’. The book’s illustrator, Feodor Rojankovsky, received the 1956 Caldecott Medal.
Stephenie Meyer (born Hartford, Connecticut, 1973) writes books for young adults and produces movies. She wrote the Twilight series, The Host, and The Chemist. Older children can visit her website at: Stephenie Meyer
Feodor Rojankovsky (born Mitava, Russia, 1891; died Bronxville, New York, October 12, 1970) wrote and illustrated books for children. His illustrations in John Langstaff’s Frog Went A-Courtin’ earned him the 1956 Caldecott Medal. Children can learn more at: Feodor Rojankovsky.
Noel Streatfield (born Sussex, United Kingdom, 1895; died London, United Kingdom, September 11, 1986) wrote books for children. She is most famous for her “Shoes” books, including Ballet Shoes and Party Shoes. Children can learn more at: Noel Streatfield