Ferdinand Magellan and his ships entered the Straits of Magellan in 1520. He had begun his voyage that would take his ship around the world on September 20, 1519. He left with five ships and around 265 men. He died before the voyage was over, but the ship Vittoria and about eighteen men did complete the journey on September 6, 1522. Children could read Who Was Ferdinand Magellan? by S. A. Kramer.
Battle of Trafalgar occurred in 1805. The British navy defeated a combined French and Spanish navy off the coast of Spain. France’s naval strength diminished, and Britain’s navy became the strongest in the world.
Thomas Edison presented an incandescent lamp demonstration in 1879. The bulb lasted 13.5 hours and used electricity he had generated.
Five Americans received Nobel Prizes in 1976. Baruch Blumberg and D. Carleton Gajdusek earned the Nobel Prize in Medicine. Burton Richter and Samuel Chao Chung Ting earned the physics award, and Saul Bellow was awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature.
RMS Titanic Maritime Memorial Act was signed into law by President Ronald Reagan in 1986. The act preserved the Titanic shipwreck as an area of research but not a place of profit. No United States citizen can buy, sell, or own Titanic artifacts.
Janet Ahlberg (born England, 1944; died England, November 13, 1994) illustrated books for children. She worked with her husband, Allen Ahlberg. He wrote the books, and she illustrated them. She received the Kate Greenaway Medal twice: in 1979 for Each Peach Plum Pear, and in 1992 for The Jolly Christmas Postman.
Ann Cameron (born Rice Lake, Wisconsin, 1943) writes books for children. Her works include the Julian series and Spunky Tells All. Children can visit her website at: Ann Cameron.
Caroline Carmichael McIntosh Fillmore (born Morristown, New Jersey, 1813; died New York, New York, August 11, 1881) was the second wife of Millard Fillmore, the thirteenth President of the United States. However, she was not married to Fillmore while he was president.
Ursula K. Le Guin (born Berkeley, California, 1929) writes fantasy books for young adults. She earned a 1972 Newbery Honor Award for The Tombs of Atuan, and she received the 2004 Margaret A. Edwards Award for her body of works. Young adults can visit her website at: Ursula K. Le Guin.
William A. Mitchell (born Raymond, Minnesota, 1911; died Stockton, California, July 26, 2004) received at least 70 patents while he worked for General Foods. He created instant Jell-O, Cool-Whip, Tang, powdered egg whites, and Pop Rocks.
Alfred Bernhard Nobel (born Stockholm, Sweden, 1833; died San Remo, Italy, December 10, 1896) was a chemist. He invented dynamite and became wealthy. However, the invention of dynamite came with costs, including human lives. Nobel left his estate, about nine million dollars, to the Nobel Fund. The interest from the fund would reward individuals in five areas: physics, chemistry, medicine, literature, economics, and peace. The Nobel Prize is the most prestigious award in the world. Older children can read a biography at: Alfred Nobel.