Democratic Republic of Congo, formerly Zaire, celebrates Independence Day. Belgium relinquished control in 1960. It is about one and a half times the size of Alaska. The country is famous for its minerals and forest products. Over 75 million people live in the Democratic Republic of Congo. The capital is Kinshasa.
Charles Blondin walked across Niagara Falls on a tightrope in 1859. Approximately 25,000 people watched the five-minute walk. On other occasions he walked across the falls on a tightrope pushing a wheelbarrow or on stilts. Idea: Children could draw a line on the playground. They could pretend the line was a tightrope. They could see if they could walk the line on stilts. Older children could read more at: http://www.smithsonianmag.com/history/the-daredevil-of-niagara-falls-110492884/.
Fish and Wildlife Service was established in 1940. Its purpose is “working with others, to conserve, protect and enhance fish, wildlife, and plants and their habitats for the continuing benefit of the American people.” Children can learn more at: http://www.fws.gov/.
No Leap Second Adjustment Time will occur today. The Bureau International de l’Heure in Paris, France, can decide whether to add or subtract a second to keep the clocks in line with the earth’s revolution. This year a leap second is not necessary. The last time a leap second was added was on June 30, 2015.
Robert Ballard (born Wichita, Kansas, 1942) is an oceanographer and explorer. He found and investigated the remains of the Titanic. Children could read an interview of him at: http://kids.nationalgeographic.com/kids/stories/peopleplaces/interview-with-ballard/.
David McPhail (born Newburyport, Massachusetts, 1940) has written and/or illustrated close to 200 books for children. His works include Mole Music and The Family Tree. Children could visit his website at: http://davidmcphailillustrations.com/index.html
Elizabeth Kortright Monroe (born New York, New York, 1768; died Oak Hill, Virginia, September 23, 1830) was the wife of James Monroe, the fifth president of the United States. She was the daughter of a British soldier who decided to stay in America after the Revolutionary War. Since she and her husband had traveled so much during his career, she tried to model White House functions after those of Europe. Children can visit a website at: http://www.firstladies.org/biographies/firstladies.aspx?biography=5. Idea: Children might see if they can find out information on the fashions of her time. Did they dress fancily? Did they have extensive wardrobes?