Luxembourg celebrates National Day and the official birthday of His Royal Highness Grand Duke Henri. It is a landlocked country smaller than Rhode Island. French, German, and Luxembourgish are official languages of the country. About 500,000 people live in the country, and Luxembourg is the capital.
William Penn signed a peace treaty with the Lenni Lenape Indians in 1683. No documents have survived that tell us what the actual treaty promised. Numerous artists have painted their visions of the meeting. Children could learn more at: http://explorepahistory.com/hmarker.php?markerId=1-A-213.
Typewriter was patented in 1868 by Christopher Latham Sholes. At first he thought few people would want such a machine because business people prided themselves on their penmanship. What a thought! Children could learn more about the typewriter at: http://www.smithsonianeducation.org/scitech/carbons/typewriters.html.
SAT was first administered in 1926. About 8,000 students took the 90-minute test of 315 problems.
Wilma Rudolph (born St. Bethlehem, Tennessee, 1940; died Brentwood, Tennessee, November 12, 1994) was the first American woman to garner three gold medals in one Olympics. She specialized in track events. A polio survivor, Rudolph serves as a model for dedication and hard work. Children could read Wilma Unlimited: How Wilma Rudolph Became the World’s Fastest Woman, by Kathleen Krull.
Theodore Taylor (born Statesville, North Carolina, 1924; died Laguna Beach, California, October 26, 2006) wrote at least 50 books for children and young adults. One of his books is The Cay, which received the 1970 Jane Addams Book Award. The Edgar Award was presented to him in 1992 for The Weirdo. His The Bomb earned the 1996 Scott O’Dell Award for Historical Fiction. Children can visit a website devoted to him at: http://www.theodoretaylor.com/.
Clarence Thomas (born Pinpoint, Georgia, 1948) is an Associate Justice on the Supreme Court. He is the second African-American to serve on the Supreme Court.