Iceland celebrates Independence Day. It gained its independence from Denmark in 1944. Vikings settled on the island in the ninth century AD. According to the CIA World Factbook, Iceland is about the size of Kentucky. About 315,000 people live on this hotspot for volcanic activity. Less than one percent of the land can be farmed. Reykjavik is the capital.
Battle of Bunker Hill occurred in 1775. Actually most of the military action took place on nearby Breed’s Hill. Britain won the battle, but they suffered severe casualties. The Patriot forces retreated, but they lost few soldiers. The battle proved to the British that the Patriots were better organized than they thought. Children could learn more at: http://www.ducksters.com/history/battle_of_bunker_hill.php.
National Spelling Bee was held for the first time in 1925. Frank Newhauser won the competition, held in Louisville, Kentucky. The winning word was gladiolus. Children could learn more about the National Spelling Bee at: http://www.spellingbee.com/.
Amelia Earhart in 1928 became the first woman to fly across the Atlantic Ocean. However, she was a passenger (keeping the flight log) and not a pilot. Wilmer Stultz was the pilot. They left Newfoundland and landed in Wales.
Watergate Day happened in 1972 when five men were arrested for breaking into the Democratic Headquarters. The men were tied to President Richard Nixon’s reelection committee. Over 60 people were indicted. Ultimately Richard Nixon resigned in 1974 because he was about to be impeached.
Cape Hatteras Lighthouse in 1999 had to be moved because it was too close to the ocean. The 1500 foot move was completed by August 1999. Children could learn about the move at: http://www.nps.gov/caha/historyculture/movingthelighthouse.htm.
William Hooper (born Boston, Massachusetts, 1742; died Hillsboro, North Carolina, October 14, 1790) signed the Declaration of Independence. He represented North Carolina. Born in Massachusetts, he graduated from Harvard and became an attorney. He moved to North Carolina and was elected to the state legislature. Passionate about establishing a new country, he had to hide from the British after they burned down his home.
Igor Fyodorovich Stravinsky (born Oranienbaum, Russia, 1882; died New York, New York, April 6, 1971) was a Russian composer. Two of his most famous works are The Firebird and The Rite of Spring.