Charles Elmer Hires began selling his root beer in 1869 at the Philadelphia Centennial Exhibition. The beverage dates back to the colonial era, but Hires marketed his root beer as ”the Greatest Health-Giving Beverage in the World.”
British leased Hong Kong from China in 1898. The lease was good for 99 years, and Hong Kong returned to Chinese control July 1, 1997. However, it seems to have a great deal of autonomy. It still is a center for financial activities. According to the CIA World Factbook, Hong Kong is about six times the size of Washington, DC.
Donald Duck made his debut in 1934. He appeared in the cartoon The Wise Little Hen, Disney’s take on The Little Red Hen. He and another character faked stomachaches to get out of doing chores. The Wise Little Hen helped them see the error of their ways. Idea: Children could try to draw Donald Duck.
Georgia Neese Clark in 1949 became the first female treasurer of the United States. She served under President Harry Truman from 1949 to 1953. Every treasurer, an official in the department of the treasury, since then has been a woman. Children can view the list of US treasurers at: http://www.treasury.gov/about/history/Pages/edu_history_treasurers_index.aspx.
Secretariat won the Triple Crown in 1973. The first horse to win the Triple Crown since 1948, he won the third leg, the Belmont Stakes. The horse raced several more times and then retired in November, 1973. Three other horses since then have won the Triple Crown, Seattle Slew in 1977, Affirmed in 1978, and American Pharoah in 2015.
Amedeo Avogadro (born Turin, Italy, 1776; died Turin, Italy, July 9, 1856) was a chemist and a physicist. From 1820 until his death he was a professor at the University of Turin. His research led to Avogadro’s Law: two gases at the same pressure and temperature will have the same number of molecules. He also created Avogadro’s Constant, the Mole.
Gregory Maguire (born Albany, New York, 1954) writes books for children and adults. His books include The Wicked Years series and Missing Sisters. Children can visit his website at: http://www.gregorymaguire.com/.
Cole Porter (born Peru, Indiana, 1892; died Santa Monica, California, October 15, 1964) was a composer and lyricist. He published his first song when he was ten years old. Two of his Broadway musicals were Can Can and Kiss Me Kate.