Sweden celebrates National Day. Gustavus I became the king of Sweden in 1523. Today Sweden still has a constitutional monarchy; the reigning monarch is King Carl XVI Gustaf. According to the CIA World Factbook, Sweden is about the size of California. This long, thin Scandinavian country is bordered by the Baltic Sea, and the climate ranges from sub-arctic in the north to temperate in the south. Over nine million people live in Sweden, and most of the population lives in the southern portion. Iron ore, timber, and hydropower contribute greatly to the economy. Stockholm is the capital. Children can learn more at: http://kids.nationalgeographic.com/kids/places/find/sweden/.
Cherokees started on the “Trail of Tears” in 1838. Over 16,000 Native Americans were forcibly removed from their long-held homelands in Georgia, Tennessee, and Alabama. They had to move to what is today Oklahoma. Many died from starvation and exposure to the elements. Children could read The Trail of Tears by Dennis Brindel Fradin. They could also learn more at: http://www.americaslibrary.gov/es/ky/es_ky_powwow_1.html.
Susan B. Anthony was fined for voting in an 1872 election in Rochester, New York. She and a group of women tried to vote. They were arrested and sentenced to pay a fine. She would not pay the fine, but the judge freed her. He was afraid she might appeal the verdict to a higher court.
D-Day happened in 1944 when almost two million Allied soldiers and two thousand ships landed on the shores of Normandy. Operation Overlord was very successful. Children could learn more at: http://www.americaslibrary.gov/jb/wwii/jb_wwii_dday_1.html.
David Stein in 1988 in New York City created a bubble fifty feet long. A bubble has three layers: soap, water, and soap.
American Pharoah earned the Triple Crown by winning the Belmont Stakes in 2015. The horse placed first at the May 2, 2015, Kentucky Derby. He also won the May 16, 2015, Preakness Stakes. The last horse to win the Triple Crown was Affirmed in 1978.
Verna Aardema (born New Era, Michigan, 1911; died Chapel Hill, North Carolina, August 15, 2000) wrote books for children. She specialized in folk tales and stories from different cultures. Children could learn more at: http://www.bookologymagazine.com/resources/authors-emeritus/aardema-verna/
Sarah Dessen (born Evanston, Illinois, 1970) writes books for young adults. Her books include The Summer and The Moon and More. Young adults can visit her website at: http://sarahdessen.com/books/
Nathan Hale (born Coventry, Connecticut, 1755; hanged by the British in Manhattan, New York, September 22, 1776) was an American patriot. He was famous for his quote, “I only regret that I have but one life to lose for my country.” Children can learn more at: http://www.americaslibrary.gov/jb/revolut/jb_revolut_hale_1.html.
Will James (born Joseph Ernest Nephtali Dufault in Quebec Province, Canada; died Hollywood, California, September 3, 1942) was a cowboy, artist, and writer. He received the 1927 Newbery Medal for Smokey the Cowhorse.
Geraldine McCaughrean (born London, England, 1951) has written over 150 books for children and young adults. She received the 2008 Michael L. Printz Award for The White Darkness. Children can visit her website at: http://www.geraldinemccaughrean.co.uk/.
Cynthia Rylant (born Hopewell, Virginia, 1954) has written more than 100 books for children. She is known for her Henry and Mudge books. A Fine White Dust received a 1987 Newbery Honor Award, and Missing May was the 1993 Newbery Medal winner. Children can learn more at: http://www.cynthiarylant.com/.
Peter Spier (born Amsterdam, Netherlands, 1927) is an author and illustrator of at least 46 children’s books. One of his best known works is Noah’s Ark. It won the 1977 Caldecott Medal.