International Museum Day reminds us of the importance of museums. This year’s theme is “Museums and Cultural Landscapes.”
Apollo 10 was launched in 1969 and carried astronauts Thomas Stafford, John W. Young, and Eugene Cernan. The three traveled toward the moon and brought Snoopy, the lunar module, within nine miles of the moon. They circled the moon over thirty times and came back to earth on May 26.
Mount St. Helens erupted in 1980. The volcano, located in Washington, discharged debris and steam eleven miles into the air. The volcano had erupted previously in 1857. The eruption, even though expected, killed 57 people and caused billions of dollars in damages. Children can learn more at: http://www.fs.usda.gov/mountsthelens.
Gertrude Belle Elion became the first woman in 1991 to be inducted into the National Inventors Hall of Fame. In 1988 she was one of two people to win the Nobel Prize in medicine for her work finding anti-leukemia drugs. She received 45 patents before she died in 1999. Children can learn more about the National Inventors Hall of Fame at: http://invent.org/.
Debbie Dadey (born Morganfield, Kentucky, 1959) has written at least 145 books for children. Her books include The Adventures of the Bailey School Kids series and Slime Wars. Children can visit her website at: http://www.debbiedadey.com/
Margot Fonteyn (born Margaret Hookman in Reigate, Surrey, England, 1919; died Panama City, Panama, February 21, 1991) was a ballerina for 45 years. She often performed with Rudolph Nureyev.
Lillian Hoban (born Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, 1924; died New York, New York, July 17, 1998) was an author and illustrator. Her books include the Arthur series and Here Come the Raccoons! Children can visit a website devoted to her at: http://www.lillianhoban.com/.
Irene Hunt (born Pontiac, Illinois, 1907; died Savoy, Illinois, May 18, 2001) wrote books for children. Her book Across Five Aprils received a 1965 Newbery Honor Award, and Up a Road Slowly earned the 1967 Newbery Medal. Children can learn more at: http://www.bookologymagazine.com/resources/authors-emeritus/hunt-irene/
Gloria D. Miklowitz (born New York, New York, 1927; died Pasadena, California, January 20, 2015) wrote at least 47 books for young adults. Her books include Camouflage and Secrets in the House of Delgado.
Pope Saint John Paul II (born Karol Wojtyla in Wadowice, Poland, 1920; died Vatican, April 2, 2005) was the 264th leader of the Catholic Church. He was elected in 1978, and he was the first Polish Pope. He was canonized on April 27, 2014.
Catherine of Aragon and Arthur Tudor, Prince of Wales, were married by proxy in 1499. He was twelve years old, and she was thirteen years old. He was supposed to become King of England when his father died. However, Arthur died first at the age of fifteen, and his brother, Henry VIII, eventually took the throne. Henry married his brother’s widow, Catherine. She became the first of his six wives. How history can change as the result of a death!
Ringling Brothers Circus performed for the first time in 1884 in their home town of Baraboo, Wisconsin. They then began to perform in the Midwest. After they acquired their first elephant in 1888, business rapidly expanded. More expansion was possible after they used the train system to move from place to place. Children can learn more at: http://www.ringling.com/.
Simplon Tunnel from Iselle, Italy, to Brig, Switzerland, opened in 1906. Construction began in 1898. It was the longest railway tunnel until 1988 when Seikan Tunnel opened, connecting the Japanese islands of Honshu and Hokkaido. Idea: Children could locate Italy and Switzerland on a map.
Arthur Dorros (born Washington, DC, 1950) writes and illustrates books for children. His books include Abuela and Ten Go Tango. Children can visit his website at: http://www.arthurdorros.com/
Tom Feelings (born Brooklyn, New York, 1933; died Mexico, August 25, 2003) wrote and illustrated books for children. Moja Means One: Swahili Counting Book received a 1972 Caldecott Honor Award, and Jambo Means Hello: A Swahili Alphabet Book earned a 1975 Caldecott Honor Award. Something on My Mind received a 1979 Coretta Scott King Honor Award for Illustration. His book Soul Looks Back in Wonder received a 1994 Jane Addams Honor Award and a 1994 Coretta Scott King Award for Illustration. The Middle Passage, perhaps his most known book, earned a 1996 Special Commendation from the Jane Addams Award Committee. Children can learn more at: http://www.bookologymagazine.com/resources/authors-emeritus/feelings-tom/
Lorraine Hansberry (born Chicago, Illinois, 1930; died New York, New York, January 12, 1965) was a playwright. One of her most famous works is A Raisin in the Sun.
Malcolm X (born Malcolm Little in Omaha, Nebraska, 1925; assassinated in New York, New York, February 21, 1965) was a civil rights activist. Idea: Children could locate more information on Malcolm X. They could predict what might have happened if he had not been killed.
Sarah Miriam Peale (born Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, 1800; Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, February 4, 1885) painted portraits and still lifes.. She was a member of the famous Peale family. Children could see some of her works at: http://www.the-athenaeum.org/art/list.php?m=a&s=du&aid=1268. Idea: Children could make a family tree of the Peales. Did any offspring of the next generation become artists?
Elise Primavera (born West Long Branch, New Jersey, 1954) illustrates and writes books for children. Her books include the Fred and Anthony series and Auntie Claus. Children can learn more at her website: http://www.eliseprimavera.com/.
Francis R. Scobee (born Cle Elum, West Virginia, 1939; died in Challenger explosion, January 28, 1986) was the commander of the Challenger.