International Museum Day reminds us of the importance of museums. This year’s theme is “Museums and Cultural Landscapes.”
Apollo 10 was launched in 1969 and carried astronauts Thomas Stafford, John W. Young, and Eugene Cernan. The three traveled toward the moon and brought Snoopy, the lunar module, within nine miles of the moon. They circled the moon over thirty times and came back to earth on May 26.
Mount St. Helens erupted in 1980. The volcano, located in Washington, discharged debris and steam eleven miles into the air. The volcano had erupted previously in 1857. The eruption, even though expected, killed 57 people and caused billions of dollars in damages. Children can learn more at: http://www.fs.usda.gov/mountsthelens.
Gertrude Belle Elion became the first woman in 1991 to be inducted into the National Inventors Hall of Fame. In 1988 she was one of two people to win the Nobel Prize in medicine for her work finding anti-leukemia drugs. She received 45 patents before she died in 1999. Children can learn more about the National Inventors Hall of Fame at: http://invent.org/.
Catherine of Aragon and Arthur Tudor, Prince of Wales, were married by proxy in 1499. He was twelve years old, and she was thirteen years old. He was supposed to become King of England when his father died. However, Arthur died first at the age of fifteen, and his brother, Henry VIII, eventually took the throne. Henry married his brother’s widow, Catherine. She became the first of his six wives. How history can change as the result of a death!
Ringling Brothers Circus performed for the first time in 1884 in their home town of Baraboo, Wisconsin. They then began to perform in the Midwest. After they acquired their first elephant in 1888, business rapidly expanded. More expansion was possible after they used the train system to move from place to place. Children can learn more at: http://www.ringling.com/.
Simplon Tunnel from Iselle, Italy, to Brig, Switzerland, opened in 1906. Construction began in 1898. It was the longest railway tunnel until 1988 when Seikan Tunnel opened, connecting the Japanese islands of Honshu and Hokkaido. Idea: Children could locate Italy and Switzerland on a map.
Cameroon celebrates Republic Day. Declared a republic in 1972, Cameroon, according to the CIA World Factbook, is about the size of California. Its climate varies from tropical in the south to semiarid in the north. About 20.5 million people live in this African country, with most of the population located in the south. Approximately 70 percent of the population are farmers. Yaoundé is the capital.
Homestead Act was created by Congress in 1862. Any person over the age of 21 or who was the head of a family could procure 160 acres of public land. He/she had to be willing to live on it for five years and to make improvements on it. The act enticed between 400,000 and 600,000 families to the West. Children could learn more at: http://www.americaslibrary.gov/jb/civil/jb_civil_homested_1.html.